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Municipality of Rosario Batangas

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Rosario Batangas Philippines

Friday, November 18, 2011

Infrastructure and Utilities Sector: Transportation

The information contained in this article were based on the Comprehensive Land Use Plan (CLUP) of Rosario, Batangas for the planning period 2000-2010 and were current in 1999 except in places where updates were duly noted.

THIS SOCIO-ECONOMIC PROFILE reports about three major sectors including the Social Sector, the Economic Sector and Infrastructure and Utilities Sector. The Infrastructure and Utilities Sector consists of the following sub-sectors: transportation, water supply, power services, and communication. This article covers the Transportation Sub-Sector.

EXISTING SITUATION
Circulation System

Urban and Rural Population

The urban areas have a population of 7,177 and 74,938 population in the rural barangays. The Batangas-Quezon National Road serves as the main development spine, connecting on the east to San Juan and on the west to Ibaan. Neighboring municipalities such as Lipa City, Padre Garcia and Taysan are connected to the Poblacion by the provincial roads. Barangay roads are perpendicularly inter-linked to the provincial roads.

Land Transportation: Road Network
Inventory of Roads
As of 1999, the total road kilometerage is 386.49 kilometers. Occupying a total land area of 27,923.6687 hectares. This shows a road density of 1.38 kilometer per 100 hectare of land. The road system is classified into national (19.64 kilometers) Provincial (69.49 kilometers) municipal (6.736 kilometers) and barangay (290,624 kilometers).

With regards to the type of pavement, 16.40% have concrete paved surfaces while the remaining 83.6% are on-going concreting. Provincial roads are 16.89% concreted, 0.79% asphalt and 82.31% gravel. Municipal streets are 100% concreted. A big percentage (50.24%) of barangay roads is gravel. Next is 40.22% by earth filled.

On-going municipal infrastructure projects are concentrated on the construction and improvement of the national, provincial and municipal roads. Most barangay roads are being funded from their respective internal revenue allotments, which are very meager for the completion of their current needs.

Summary of Roads by Administrative Classification and Length (in kilometers), 1999
  • National - 19.640 km km
  • Provincial - 69.490 km
  • Municipal - 6.736 km
  • Barangay - 290.624 km
  • Total - 386.490 km
Source: Department of Public Works and Highways

Inventory of Roads by Administrative Classification, 1999
Road Name and Length (in kilometers)

National Road
  • Quilib-Puting Kahoy - 15.940 km
  • Poblacion-San Ignacio - 3.700 km
  • Sub-Total National - 19.640 km
Provincial Road
  • Mavalor Road - 4.940 km
  • Old Rosario Market Road - 1.000 km
  • Calle Marquez Garcia - 0.200 km
  • Masaya-Timbugan-Colongan Road - 3.200 km
  • Rosario-Taysan Road - 7.600 km
  • Mabayabas-Cahigam-Jct. Baybayin - 8.300 km
  • Lumbangan-Mayuro Road - 6.500 km
  • Mayuro-Bayawang Road - 3.500 km
  • San Carlos-Pulo-Maugat Road - 6.000 km
  • Baybayin-Mabato-Pinagsibaan - 8.700 km
  • Natu-Maugat road - 2.700 km
  • Alupay Cemetery Road - 4.050 km
  • Pinagsibaan-Salao Road - 5.000 km
  • Puting-Kahoy-Tulos-Matamis - 7.800 km
  • Sub-Total Provincial - 69.490 km
Municipal Road
  • Magtibay St. - 0.560 km
  • L. Greñas St. - 0.480 km
  • I. Farol St. - 0.080 km
  • V. Rodelas St. - 0.340 km
  • E. Zuño St. - 1.200 km
  • J. Belen St. - 1.020 km
  • Y. Zuño St. - 1.010 km
  • V. Escano St. - 0.320 km
  • Buquir St. - 0.070 km
  • C. Alday St. - 0.200 km
  • H. Mindanao St. - 0.330 km
  • A. Sevilla St. - 0.130 km
  • L. Esguerra St. - 0.148 km
  • E. Carreon St. - 0.150 km
  • N. Suarez St. - 0.150 km
  • L. Tejada St. - 0.330 km
  • L. Cuartero St. - 0.098 km
  • A. Arias St. - 0.120 km
  • Sub-Total Municipal - 6.736 km
Barangay Road
  • Alupay - 1.700 km
  • Antipolo - 9.390 km
  • Bagong Pook - 2.400 km
  • Balibago - 3.300 km
  • Bayawang - 9.100 km
  • Baybayin - 4.500 km
  • Bulihan - 18.000 km
  • Cahigam - 3.399km
  • Calantas - 10.500 km
  • Colongan - 3.281 km
  • Itlugan - 3.000 km
  • Leviste - 9.500 km
  • Lumbangan - 2.500 km
  • Maalas-as - 3.600 km
  • Mabato - 5.400 km
  • Mabunga - 6.200 km
  • Macalamcam A - 7.500 km
  • Macalamcam B - 8.000 km
  • Malaya - 2.500 km
  • Maligaya - 3.500 km
  • Marilag - 4.800 km
  • Masaya - 7.000 km
  • Matamis - 29.000 km
  • Mavalor - 4.000 km
  • Mayuro - 9.250 km
  • Namuco - 18.900 km
  • Namunga - 5.500 km
  • Nasi - 4.000 km
  • Natu - 8.300 km
  • Palakpak - 2.000 km
  • Pinagsibaan - 2.000 km
  • Puting-Kahoy - 6.000 km
  • Quilib - 1.330 km
  • Salao - 5.274 km
  • San Carlos - 7.800 km
  • San Ignacio - 13.700 km
  • San Isidro - 19.500 km
  • San Jose - 4.500 km
  • San Roque - 1.300 km
  • Sta. Cruz - 5.200 km
  • Timbugan - 5.000 km
  • Tiquiwan - 2.000 km
  • Tulos - 7.000 km
  • Sub-Total Barangay - 132.554 km
Source: Office of the Municipal Engineer, Rosario, Batangas

Inventory of Bridges
There are eighteen (18) concrete bridges, twenty-three (23) timber (wood) bridges and five (5) other types of construction materials.

The concrete bridges located at Barangays Natu, Colongan, San Carlos, San Roque, Tiquiwan, Bagong Pook, Pinagsibaan, Itlugan, Maalas-as and Namunga.

The timber wood bridges located at Barangays Balibago, Bayawang Cahigam, Itlugan, Mabunga, Mavalor, Puting Kahoy, San Carlos, San Roque, Timbugan, Bulihan, Cahigam, Macalamcam, Puting Kahoy, Tulos and Matamis.

All bridges are passable to the public commuters, residents, and farmers who had taken the route.

Existing Bridges, Location and Type of Construction Materials Used, 1999
Bridge Name, Location and Length (in meters)
National Administration
  • Pinagsibaan Bridge in Pinagsibaan - 25.00 m
  • Pinagsibaan Bridge in Pinagsibaan - 25.00 m
  • Bagong Pook 1 in Bagong Pook - 11.37 m
  • Bagong Pook 2 in Bagong Pook - 6.60 m
  • Macalamcam Bridge in Bagong Pook - 6.07 m
  • Sub-Total National - 74.04 m
Provincial Administration
  • Maalas-as Bridge in Maalas-as - 48.00 m
  • Itlugan Bridge in Itlugan - 10.00 m
  • Namunga Bridge 2 in Namunga - 8.40 m
  • Maalas-as Bridge in Maalas-as - 8.00 m
  • Namunga Bridge 1 in Namunga - 5.00 m
  • Lawaye Bridge in Puting Kahoy - 42.00 m
  • Nazi Bridge in Nasi - 33.00 4.20 m
  • Buho Bridge in Matamis - 27.00 4.20 m
  • Macalamcam Bridge 108+740 in Macalamcam - 8.25 m
  • Bayawang Bridge 133+500 in Bayawang - 6.70 m
  • Cahigam 107+760 in Cahigam - 6.00 m
  • Bulihan 106+000 in Bulihan - 4.00 m
  • Bulihan 106+100 in Bulihan - 4.00 m
  • Cahigam 107+460 in Cahigam - 3.50 m
  • Paninsingin Bridge in Masaya -
  • Sub-Total Provincial - 213.85 m
Barangay Administration
  • Sitio Gitna in Colongan - 20.00 m
  • Sitio Avocado (2) in Colongan - 14.00 m
  • Sitio Gitna Natu-San Carlos in Natu - 10.00 m
  • V. Barbosa (1) in San Roque - 10.00 m
  • Sitio Pinagpala in San Carlos - 7.00 m
  • Bukang Liwayway in Tiquiwan - 6.00 m
  • Tiquiwan Bridge in Tiquiwan - 6.00 m
  • Sitio Avocado (1) in Colongan - 3.50 m
  • Sitio Cogonan in Bayawang - 15.00 m
  • Sitio Sampalukan (2) in San Carlos - 12.00 m
  • Timbugan Bridge (1) in Timbugan - 12.00 m
  • Sitio Sampalukan (1) in San Carlos - 10.00 m
  • Kapitan Manuel in San Roque - 10.00 m
  • V. Barbosa (2) in San Roque - 10.00 m
  • Sitio Silangan in Timbugan - 10.00 m
  • Sitio Balbanirahan in Cahigam - 8.00 m
  • Sitio Kanluran in Mabunga - 8.00 m
  • Sitio Sampalokan in Puting kahoy - 8.00 m
  • Sitio Guijo in Itlugan - 8.00 m
  • Balibago - Macalamcam A in Balibago - 6.00 m
  • Sitio Palayan in Mavalor - 6.00 m
  • Timbugan Bridge (2) in Timbugan - 6.00 m
  • Sitio Silangan Mabunga - 16.00 m
  • Malaya-Marilag in Marilag - 15.00 m
  • Sitio Mauricio in Bulihan - 8.00 m
  • Sitio Avocado (3) in Colongan - 6.00 m
  • Sitio Kanluran in Timbugan - 6.00 m
  • Sub-Total Barangay - 93 m
Source: Department of Public Works and Highways

Trends in Traffic Volume
The trends in traffic volume particularly in the Central Business District located at Barangay Poblacion B, C, D and E are heavy traffic especially Friday the market day.

Inventory of Motor Vehicles
Mode of transportation of the municipality of Rosario are motorcycles/ tricycles (33.63%) of the total land transport vehicles both private and public utility vehicles, light vehicles (51.91%), bicycle (16.83%), trucks/ heavy trucks (2.22%), tractor (3.57%), kalesa/kariton (2.45%) and Kubota and others (4.97%).

Inventory of Land Transport Vehicles, 1999
  • Light Vehicles - 1,777
  • Motorcycle/Tricycle - 1,421
  • Bicycle - 576
  • Trucks/Heavy Trucks - 76
  • Tractor - 122
  • Kalesa/Kariton - 84
  • Kubota - 53
  • Others - 117
  • Total - 4,226
Source: Municipal Access and Innovations Database (MASID)

Private vehicles are more numerous than public vehicles. Public transport include Supreme and Barney Bus Lines plying the route of Batangas City-Lucena City and Batangas City-Tagkawayan respectively; JAM Liner plying the route of Candelaria-LRT Buendia, via San Juan, Rosario and Lipa City everyday in the morning; tricycles servicing residents within the Poblacion and nearby barangays.

Trucks transport farm produce particularly sugarcane to Canlubang, Laguna, and Balayan and Nasugbu, Batangas; trailer and dump trucks carrying construction materials often traverse the town major thorough fares.

Transport Facilities
Public Utility jeepneys plying the route of Rosario-Batangas City utilize the parking lot of Shoppersmart along Gualberto Avenue. Rosario-Taysan jeepneys have a terminal in the market site at Barangay Poblacion E.

The Rosario-Lipa jeepneys utilize the loading and unloading area at Barangay Poblacion C; also the San Juan-Lipa City jeepneys passing by along Gualberto Ave.

Public utility tricycles likewise have a designated station or area for different barangay routes in the Poblacion area. They are located in the place accessible to the people and may not cause traffic hazard for the public.

Land Area
Total Area, Agricultural Land and Built-Up Areas, 1999
The municipality of Rosario has a total land area of 27,923.6687 hectares, while its agricultural land area is 10,263.27 hectares, and 753.4311 for built-up areas.

Land Area and Uses, 1999
  • Total Land Area - 27,923.6687 has. - 100.00%
  • Arable Land/Agricultural Area- 10,263.2700 has. - 36.75%
  • Built-Up Area - 753.4311 has. - 2.70%
Source: Land Use Sector

Problem Areas
Road Accidents Frequency and Location, 1999
Urban Barangays
  • Poblacion A - 11
  • Poblacion B - 7
  • Poblacion C - 13
  • Poblacion D - 11
  • Poblacion E - 10
  • Sub-Total Urban - 52
Rural Barangays
  • Antipolo - 17
  • Balibago - 29
  • Bulihan - 15
  • Calantas - 2
  • Leviste - 11
  • Mabato - 5
  • Masaya - 8
  • Namuco - 11
  • Namunga - 13
  • Natu - 11
  • Pinagsibaan - 5
  • Puting Kahoy - 11
  • Quilib - 8
  • San Carlos - 18
  • San Ignacio - 8
  • San Jose - 11
  • San Roque - 12
  • Tiquiwan - 7
  • Sub-Total Rural - 202
Grand Total - 254

Source: Philippine National Police (PNP)

Location, Nature and Frequency, 1999
Urban Barangays
  • Vehicle to Vehicle - 22
  • Vehicle to Pedestrian - 12
  • Vehicle to Animal - 0
  • Vehicle to Property - 6
  • Fatality - 0
  • Injury - 12
  • Damage - PHP6,500.00
  • Sub-Total Urban - 52
Rural Barangays
  • Vehicle to Vehicle - 85
  • Vehicle to Pedestrian - 27
  • Vehicle to Animal - 2
  • Vehicle to Property - 29
  • Fatality - 6
  • Injury - 53
  • Damage - PHP119,600.00
  • Sub-Total Rural - 202
Rosario
  • Vehicle to Vehicle - 107
  • Vehicle to Pedestrian - 39
  • Vehicle to Animal - 2
  • Vehicle to Property - 39
  • Fatality - 6
  • Injury - 53
  • Damage - PHP126,100.00
  • Grand Total - 254
Source: Philippine National Police (PNP)

DEVELOPMENT NEEDS
With a total road length of 386.49 kilometers and a total land area of 27, 923.6687 hectares, the existing road to land ratio is 1.38 kilometers per 100 hectares. Comparing this with the standard ratio of 1 kilometer per 100 hectares it is clear that the municipality is above the general standard.

Exceeding the standard, however does not mean that road construction shall not be conducted. This will actually depend on the need that will arise in the coming years.

In line with the development thrust is the area, more roads are expected to be constructed depending on the needs of the project. It should be noted however, that the roads to be constructed should align with existing road network.

Among all the roads, the barangay roads appear to be needing priority attention with regards to road improvement and maintenance since as mentioned earlier 83.6% are still gravel/earth fill improvement of such road will improve the accessibility/ mobility of residents in the rural portion of the municipality.

Although the majority of the national and municipal roads are generally in good condition, it is essential that they be properly maintained to ensure convenience and safety for the commuting public motorists.

Other projects that should be given utmost attention are the continuation of concreting of barangay roads and continuation of construction of drainage canal of municipal roads.

And lastly, the Local Government should also aim to improve its external/internal linkages in order to facilitate the movements of goods and people within and outside the municipality.


Reference
Municipal Land Use Committee and the Office of the Municipal Planning and Development Coordinator (June 2000), Comprehensive Land Use Plan of Rosario, Batangas for Planning Period: 2000-2010, Municipality of Rosario, Batangas, Philippines

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