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Rosario Batangas Philippines

Wednesday, November 16, 2011

Social Sector: Education

The information contained in this article were based on the Comprehensive Land Use Plan (CLUP) of Rosario, Batangas for the planning period 2000-2010 and were current in 1999 except in places where updates were duly noted.

THIS SOCIO-ECONOMIC PROFILE reports about three major sectors including the Social Sector, the Economic Sector and Infrastructure and Utilities Sector. The Social Sector consists of the following sub-sectors: housing, health, education, protective services, social welfare services, and sports and recreation. This article covers the Education Sub-Sector.

EXISTING SITUATION
Educational Institutions and School Facilities by Level

Pre-Elementary

The existing Day Care Centers in the Municipality of Rosario offer education to children of pre-school age. There are a total of 26 Day Care Centers in the urban and rural barangays. Private institutions also offer pre-school education in some rural and urban areas.

There are 7 of these institutions, namely, Rosario Adventist Pre-Elementary School and Fr. Vicencio Ida Kindergarten School in Barangay Namunga; Casa Dei Cavalieri Montessori, Saint Joseph Institute and Christ Faith Child Academy in Poblacion E; and Sto. Niño Formation and Science School, and Grace Learning Center in Poblacion C.

Pre-elementary education in private has total enrollees of 421 students. Each school has enough number of teachers and classrooms. The teacher-student ratio is one (1) teacher per twenty-seven (27) students. The ratio shows that the number of teachers present is enough to handle the number of students in each class.

Elementary
The public elementary schools in the municipality are classified into two districts: Rosario East and Rosario West.

Rosario East Central School (RECS)

Rosario East District (RED) covers 20 schools on the eastern portion of the municipality. The district office is at Rosario East Central School (RECS) at Barangay Poblacion A. Of the schools under RED, 18 offer complete elementary education or Grades I-VI. There are 3 primary schools that offer only up to Grades I-IV. These are in barangays Bagong Pook, San Jose and Tiquiwan.

Rosario West Central School (RWCS)
Rosario West District (RWD), on the other hand, handles 24 schools on the western side. The district office is housed in Rosario West Central School (RWCS) at Barangay Namunga. Schools that offer complete elementary education totaled 22 schools, while 2 are primary schools. These are in barangays Colongan and Sitio Tilaga, Tulos.

Private Elementary Schools
There are also private elementary schools in the municipality. These schools offer either complete elementary up to secondary level of education or elementary only. These are in the Poblacion and other barangays such as Alupay and Namunga.

School Facilities
Almost all elementary schools, both in public and in private, are equipped with basic facilities such as Administration Office, library, clinic, comfort rooms, shops, playgrounds and sports equipment. They provide students the best facilities they can.

Elementary schools occupy a total area of 29.9929 hectares. The following shows name, location and type of schools in the elementary level.

Name of Elementary Schools, Location and Area (sq.m.) Occupied by Type and School District

Public Elementary School
East District


  1. Rosario East Central School in Poblacion A - 29,159.03

  2. Alupay Elem. School in Alupay - 10,461.00

  3. Bagong Pook Primary School in Bagong Pook - 2,564.00

  4. Balibago Elem. School in Balibago - 5,000.00

  5. Baybayin Elem. School in Baybayin - 8,044.96

  6. Mabato Elem. School in Mabato - 4,853.00

  7. Macalamcam A Elem. School in Macalamcam A - 10,003.00

  8. Malinao Elem. School in Matamis - 10,000.00

  9. Nasi Elem. School in Nasi - 10,000.00

  10. Natu Elem. School in Natu - 5,053.00

  11. Palakpak Elem. School in Palakpak - 6,278.00

  12. Pinagsibaan Elem. School in Pinagsibaan - 623.00

  13. Puting Kahoy Elem. School in Puting Kahoy - 8,570.00

  14. Salao East Elem. School in Salao - 2,500.00

  15. Salao West Elem. School in Salao - 5,675.00

  16. San Carlos Elem. School in San Carlos - 5,000.00

  17. Compradia Elem. School in San Isidro - 5,000.00

  18. San Isidro Elem. School in San Isidro - 2,500.00

  19. San Jose Primary School in San Jose - 719.00

  20. Timbugan Elem. School in Timbugan - 7,300.00
West District

  1. Rosario West Central School in Namunga - 10,000.00

  2. Antipolo Elem. School in Antipolo - 6,075.00

  3. Bayawang Elem. School in Bayawang - 4,345.00

  4. Bulihan Elem. School in Bulihan - 9,850.00

  5. Cahigam Elem. School in Cahigam - 10,000.00

  6. Calantas Elem. School in Calantas - 4,659.00

  7. Colongan Elem. School in Colongan - 1,840.00

  8. Itlugan Elem. School in Itlugan - 6,560.00

  9. Lumbangan Elem. School in Lumbangan - 2,785.00

  10. Maalas-as Elem. School in Maalas-as - 5,061.00

  11. Mabunga Elem. School in Mabunga - 8,954.00

  12. Malaya Elem. School in Malaya - 9,500.00

  13. Marilag Elem. School in Marilag - 1,200.00

  14. Masaya Elem. School in Masaya - 6,000.00

  15. Mavalor Elem. School in Mavalor - 9,329.00

  16. Mayuro Elem. School in Mayuro - 9,975.00

  17. Namuco Elem. School in Namuco - 1,500.00

  18. Quilib-San Roque Elem. School in Quilib - 4,779.00

  19. San Ignacio Elem. School in San Ignacio - 2,971.00

  20. J. D. Luna Elem. School in Sta. Cruz - 7,093.00

  21. Tiquiwan Primary School in Tiquiwan - 3,158.00

  22. Tubahan Elem. School in Tubahan - 6,015.00

  23. Tulos Elem. School in Tulos - 6,567.00

  24. Tulos Annex Tilaga in Tulos -
Private Elementary School

  1. SNFSS in Poblacion C - 8,848.00

  2. Casa Dei Cavalieri Montessori in Poblacion E - 420.00

  3. Christ Faith Child Academy in Poblacion E - 1,355.00

  4. Saint Joseph Institute in Poblacion E - 7,512.00

  5. Sto. Rosario Academy in Alupay 3,500.00

  6. Rev. Fr. Vicencio Ida Kindergarten in Namunga -150.00

  7. Rosario Adventist Elem. School in Namunga - 625.00
Totals Elementary - 299,928.99
Source: DECS, Rosario, Batangas

Condition of Existing School Buildings
Generally all school buildings are made of Type IV construction materials. Of the 53 schools listed, 27 or 51 percent are in good condition; 6 schools or 11 percent in good condition with some classroom needing repairs; 16 schools or 30 percent needs repair; and 4 schools or 8 percent needs replacement.

It can be noted that among the 48 barangays of the municipality, only five do not offer elementary education to children. These barangays include Poblacion B, Poblacion D, Macalamcam B, Maligaya and San Roque. Elementary school going age population goes to nearby barangay schools for schooling purposes.

Secondary
There are 13 institutions of learning that offers secondary level education both public and private. Public national high schools are in eight different barangays while the five private high schools are mostly in the Poblacion barangays. These schools occupy a total area of 4.2982 hectares. The following shows name, location, area and type of school:

Secondary Schools Name, Location and Area Occupied (sq.m.) by Type
Public School


  1. Baybayin National High School in Baybayin - 4,261.00

  2. Bulihan National High School in Bulihan - 6,047.00

  3. Macalamcam National High in Macalamcam B - 600.00

  4. Mayuro National High School in Mayuro - 6,000.00

  5. Palakpak National High School in Palakpak

  6. Rosario National High School in Quilib - 9,510.00

  7. Timbugan National High School in Timbugan - 6,563.00

  8. Tulos National High School in Tulos - 5,000.00
Private


  1. PVGMA in Poblacion B - 5,001.00

  2. Christ Faith Child Academy -

  3. Sain Joseph Institute -

  4. Sto. Niño Formation and Science School -

  5. Sto. Rosario Academy -
Total Secondary - 37,981.00
Source: DECS, Rosario, Batangas

Tertiary
For the tertiary level, there is only one institution that offers tertiary education. This is the Pablo Borbon Memorial Institute of Technology Extension (PBMIT) which conducts classes using different facilities within the municipal hall compound and the Office for Agricultural Services compound.

School Age Population, Enrollment, Number of Teachers/Classrooms and Existing Ratios

Enrollment Participation Rate
The present elementary level school-going age population is 14,447. With the current elementary level enrollment of 14,311 pupils, the enrollment participation rate (EPR) is 99 per cent of the total elementary school going age population. This is a good participation rate with only one percent not able to enroll with the existing institution.

For the secondary level the school going age population is 7,561 and enrollment is only 5,908. The enrollment participation rate, then, is only 78 percent of the total secondary level school age population. The remaining 22 percent are either helping in the farm, or engaged in other income generating activities or studying outside the municipality. There are still others who are out of school due to lack of funds.

Teacher-Pupil/Student Ratio / Classroom-Pupil/Student Ratios
The 14,311 elementary pupils occupy 384 classrooms with 460 teachers all over the municipality. Given these figures, the teacher-pupil ratio is one (1) classroom for every thirty-seven (37) students or 1:37. These ratios are well within the standard of one (1) teacher in one (1) classroom for every 50 pupils or 1:50.

Teachers can easily handle their classes now since pupils are less and well accommodated by enough classrooms. This contributed to a very negligible drop out rate of only 0.55 percent for the school year 1999-2000. This further brings to a high literacy rate of 96.2 percent estimated in 1999. It can be said that public elementary education in the municipality is very well provided for.

Teacher-Pupil and Classroom-Pupil Ratios for Elementary Schools


  • School Level: Elementary

  • Current Enrollment: 14,311

  • Number of Teachers: 460

  • Teacher-Student Ratio: 1:31

  • Number of Classrooms: 384

  • Classroom-Student Ratio: 1:37

In the secondary level, the total enrollments of 5,908 are being taken cared of by 133 teachers and are housed in 84 classrooms. These are total for all secondary level in the municipality. With these, the teacher-student ratio is 1:44 or 1 teacher for every 44 students.

Classroom-student ratio is 1:70 or 1 classroom for every 70 students. Secondary level enrollment ratios are bordering on the standard for teacher-student ratio. There is a current need in terms of classrooms in this level.

The following shows enrollment by school, number of teachers, classrooms and ratios for school year 1999-2000.

Student-Teacher and Student-Classroom Ratios for Secondary Schools


  • School Level: Secondary

  • Current Enrollment: 5,908

  • Number of Teachers: 133

  • Teacher-Student Ratio: 1:44

  • Number of Classrooms: 84

  • Classroom-Student Ratio: 1:70

Tertiary level enrollment is currently 140 students. These are those enrolled in the Pablo Borbon Memorial Institute of Technology (PBMIT) Rosario Campus. Courses offered here are:


  1. General Engineering

  2. Bachelor of Industrial Technology (BIT) ladderized course with the following majors:


  • Automotive Engineering Technology

  • Computer Engineering Technology

  • Electronics Engineering Technology

  • Electrical Engineering Technology

  • Food Engineering Technology
DEVELOPMENT NEEDS
Enrollment Participation Rates must be improved. The current EPR for elementary is quite acceptable, however, the secondary level EPR needs improvement. A total of 100 percent EPR at two levels must be targeted within the planning period.

Teacher Requirement
In terms of the number of teachers, the current elementary students are provided with more than enough number of teachers. Based on the standard teacher-student ratio, there are 174 more teachers who can provide elementary education.

The total number of current secondary level teachers is 133. Given the present enrollment in secondary level (5,908 students), there is enough number of teachers who can handle each class.

Classroom Requirement
The number of classrooms in the elementary level is enough to accommodate the current number of enrollees. Considering the classroom-student ratio, there are still ninety-eight (98) classrooms that are good and serviceable. However, some classrooms need to be repaired. With reference to the classroom-student ratio of the secondary level, the municipality is short of thirty-four (34) classrooms to accommodate the present enrollees.

Schools and classrooms that need repair or replacement to date must be prioritized and given attention. These are in Alupay Elementary School, Bayawang, Baybayin, Cahigam, Compradia, Itlugan, Julian D. Luna, Lumbangan, Mabato, Malaya, Masaya, Mayuro, Pinagsibaan, Puting Kahoy, Quilib-San Roque, Rosario East Central, Rosario West Central, Salao East and West, San Carlos, San Ignacio and Tulos.

The Municipal Government should also encourage improvements of classrooms in private schools.

Facility Requirement
In terms of facilities, all schools must have complete facilities. While all schools have comfort rooms, the other facilities such as laboratories, shops, library, sports and clinic must also be provided for a well-rounded use and development of the pupils.

Capability, skills and ability of current manpower must always be upgraded and keep attuned and abreast of current developments in education. These will redound to the development as well of the pupils and students to make them aware of current trends and happenings especially in this era of state-of-the-art communication.

Computer knowledge must be imparted to teachers and pupils/students alike to enable them to participate in information technology activities.

Projected Enrollment
Considering the current and projected school going age population and the current and projected enrollment by level from 1999-2010, enrollment in the elementary and secondary level exceeds the projected school age population. It is then projected that Rosario will be able to provide for the educational needs of population of the nearby municipalities and settlement areas.

At the tertiary level, it can be noted that the tertiary level school age population is quite a considerable number. These prospective enrollment population can be a positive input for one of the visions for the municipality which is that of having a university or a higher institution of learning in their midst. This population can serve as a starting point for a feasibility study for a University in Rosario. The projected enrollment however is based on the present enrollment at PBMIT Extension School.

Teacher and Classroom Requirements
Elementary
In terms of future requirements, considering the projected enrollment in all levels, it is at the elementary level where there is no noted future need for additional teachers and classrooms. The current number can suffice even up to the end of the planning period.

Continuous upgrading of the quality of the human resources as well as the physical ones must always be prioritized. These include training of teachers with new and more advance techniques and methods of teaching.

On the physical resources, continuous maintenance and improvement of school buildings and classrooms must also be considered. Repair and replacement of buildings and classroom that currently need repair/replacement must be done at once. Facilities must be completely provided for in all schools. These facilities still have to be available and usable until 2010.

Secondary
The secondary level, however, has to be given more attention. The current classroom-student ratio of 1:70 is way below the standard. It means that currently there is a need for 34 more classrooms.

Considering the projected enrollment, there has to be a total of 198 classrooms to accommodate the would-be students by year 2010. This means an additional of 114 more classrooms, from the existing 84. Considering the ten year planning period an average of at least 11 classrooms annually have to be provided.

In terms of teachers, the current ratio is good only until 2001. By year 2002, there should be a total of 136 teachers in the secondary level. This means an additional of three teachers by said year.

By the end of the planning period at 2010, the total number of teachers should be 198, thus a total additional of 64 teachers.

Space Requirement
Secondary
Considering an aggregate area of 500 square meters per classrooms, the 114 additional classrooms in the secondary level will need an area of about 5.7 hectares by year 2010. These will make the total area occupied by secondary level institutions of learning as 9.9982 hectares.

University
The vision for a university in Rosario is also being considered. The projected enrollment at this point is very minimal since there is only one tertiary level institution in the municipality. The tertiary level school going age population can be considered.

A feasibility study on the matter can be undertaken. For such a purpose the municipality shall allocate about 4 hectares of land as university site at Poblacion A barangay. This is one of the development proposals to be enumerated in the plan.

Total Area Devoted To Schools
With the present areas occupied by elementary schools at 29.9929; secondary school at 9.9982 (including the requirement of 5.7 hectares) and proposed area for a university, the total area to be devoted to schools at all levels will be 43.9911 hectares by year 2010.


Reference
Municipal Land Use Committee and the Office of the Municipal Planning and Development Coordinator (June 2000), Comprehensive Land Use Plan of Rosario, Batangas for Planning Period: 2000-2010, Municipality of Rosario, Batangas, Philippines

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