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Rosario Batangas Philippines

Friday, November 18, 2011

Infrastructure and Utilities Sector: Power Services

The information contained in this article were based on the Comprehensive Land Use Plan (CLUP) of Rosario, Batangas for the planning period 2000-2010 and were current in 1999 except in places where updates were duly noted.

THIS SOCIO-ECONOMIC PROFILE reports about three major sectors including the Social Sector, the Economic Sector and Infrastructure and Utilities Sector. The Infrastructure and Utilities Sector consists of the following sub-sectors: transportation, water supply, power services, and communication. This article covers the Power Services Sub-Sector.

FUEL USED for lighting and cooking provide useful information on determining what type does the population most commonly use. It can be electricity, kerosene, liquefied petroleum gas and other types. Adequacy and inadequacy of the type commonly used can also be determined.

EXISTING SITUATION
Fuel Used for Lighting
The primary survey conducted shows that electricity as type of fuel used for lighting is used by 60% of the total household. Kerosene users constitute 20% and those with privately owned generator sets or motors is about 1% of the total household. About 19% were not able to state the type of fuel they used for lighting.

In the urban barangays, 66% are electricity users; 2% are kerosene users; 1% have generator sets or motors; and 31.7% are not stated.

Households that uses electricity outside of the urban barangays constitutes about 60% of the total rural households. Those that use kerosene are about 21%. Only 1 percent has generator sets or motors and 18% are not stated.

Households by Type of Fuel Used for Lighting, 1999
Type of Fuel Used, Total Households and Percent to Total
  • Electricity - 9,445 households - 60.4%
  • Kerosene - 3,034 households - 19.4%
  • Motor - 211 households - 1.3%
  • Not Stated - 2,946 households - 18.8%
  • Total - 15,636 - 100%
Source: Municipal Access and Innovations Database (MASID), Office for Sustainable Development, Municipality of Rosario, Batangas

Fuel Used for Cooking
Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) is the major kind of fuel used for cooking by households in the municipality. About 56.14% of households used LPG. It is still remarkable that earthen stone using wood and charcoal and kerosene stoves are still used by a large percentage of households representing about 41.43%. Only a small percentage of the total households use electricity for cooking.

There are more users of electricity and liquefied petroleum gas for cooking among urban households than rural households. Stoves using kerosene, charcoal and wood and liquefied petroleum gas are most commonly used by households in rural areas.

Households by Type of Fuel Used for Cooking, 1999
Type of Fuel Used, Total Households and Percent to Total
  • Electricity - 389 households - 2.5%
  • Stove (kerosene, charcoal and wood) - 6,408 households - 41.0%
  • Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) - 8,839 households - 56.5%
  • Total - 15,636 households - 100.0%
Source: Municipal Access and Innovations Database (MASID), Office for Sustainable Development, Municipality of Rosario, Batangas

Electric Service
Electric services is being provided by the Batangas II Electric Cooperative, Inc. (BATELEC II) with main office at Lipa City and a sub office at the municipality. Facilities include two sub-stations at barangays San Roque and Masaya with primary metering facility and 567 streetlights.

BATELEC II has a total of 8,812 consumers in the municipality. Residential consumers constitute 92% of the total. Commercial establishments rank second constituting about 6% of the total consumers of electricity.

Of the total 48 barangays, 43 are actually and currently energized; 3 are newly energized but households served are not yet reported and 2 are still for energization. Barangays actually and currently energized have total household of 14,677. Of these 9,718 or 66.21% are served on subscribers of BATELEC II while the remaining 33.71% are still to be connected to power services. The following shows household served and unserved by power supply by barangay.

Households Served and Unserved by Power Supply by Barangay Municipality of Rosario, Batangas: 1999
Barangay and Number of Households Served by Power Supply
  • Poblacion A, B, C, D and E - 1,265
  • Alupay - 373
  • Bagong Pook - 598
  • Balibago - 216
  • Bayawang - 220
  • Bulihan - 328
  • Cahigam - 144
  • Calantas - 116
  • Colongan and Timbugan - 422
  • Itlugan and Namuco - 593
  • Leviste - 77
  • Lumbangan - 121
  • Maalas-as - 266
  • Mabato and Maligaya - 260
  • Macalamcam A and B - 242
  • Malaya - 181
  • Marilag - 143
  • Masaya and Namunga - 889
  • Mavalor - 156
  • Mayuro - 214
  • Pinagsibaan, Salao & Puting Kahoy - 703
  • Quilib - 256
  • San Carlos and Tiquiwan - 582
  • San Ignacio - 192
  • San Isidro - 125
  • San Jose - 257
  • Sn. Roque - 515
  • Sta. Cruz - 183
  • Tulos - 81
  • Total - 9,718
Barangay and Number of Households Unserved by Power Supply
  • Poblacion A, B, C, D and E - 171
  • Alupay - 212
  • Bagong Pook - 128
  • Balibago - 44
  • Bulihan - 171
  • Cahigam - 200
  • Calantas - 156
  • Colongan and Timbugan - 167
  • Itlugan and Namuco - 644
  • Leviste - 159
  • Lumbangan - 64
  • Maalas-as - 1
  • Mabato and Maligaya - 104
  • Macalamcam A and B - 212
  • Malaya - 50
  • Marilag - 182
  • Mavalor - 57
  • Mayuro - 102
  • Pinagsibaan, Salao & Puting Kahoy - 394
  • Quilib - 130
  • San Carlos and Tiquiwan - 161
  • San Ignacio - 66
  • San Isidro - 366
  • Sta. Cruz - 200
  • Tulos - 265
  • Total - 5,036
Source: Batangas II Electric Cooperative, Inc., Lipa City

Of the urban households, 88% are served while 12% are unserved. For the rural household about 64% are served while 36%t remain unserved.

The three newly energized barangays are Mabunga, Matamis and Palakpak. Their data on households served has not been uploaded into the system yet. The two barangays targeted for energization are Antipolo and Nasi.

Other consumers/subscribers registered with BATELEC II are commercial establishments (497), industrial firms (3), residential-commercial mixed (40), and CWS (8). There are also 47 Barangay Power Associations (BAPAs) being supervised by BATELEC II. The government entities as subscribers are liable for public buildings (72) and streetlights (17). Thus, there are a total of 684 other consumers.

Together with household connections of 9,778, the power services consumers are 10,402 in total.

The average monthly consumption for residential connection is 95 kilowatt per hour per month.

The following shows other types of connection, number of connections and average consumption (kWh/month)

Number of Connections by Type of Users and Average Consumption (kWh/mo.), 1999
Type of Connection, Number of Connections and Total Consumption (kWh/mo.)
  • Industrial - 3 connections - 164,520 kWh/mo.
  • Commercial - 497 connections - 503,543 kWh/mo.
  • Public Building - 72 connections - 21,226 kWh/mo.
  • Streetlights (Public) - 17 connections - 29,867 kWh/mo.
  • Others:
  • Residential-Commercial - 40 connections - 11,571 kWh/mo.
  • CWS - 8 connections - 25,259 kWh/mo.
  • BAPA - 47 connections - 89,682
Total - 684 connections - 845,668 kWh/mo.

Type of Connection and Average Consumption (kWh/mo.)
  • Industrial - 54,840 kWh/mo.
  • Commercial - 1,013 kWh/mo.
  • Public Building - 295 kWh/mo.
  • Streetlights (Public) - 1,757 kWh/mo.
  • Others:
  • Residential-Commercial - 289 kWh/mo.
  • CWS - 3,157 kWh/mo.
  • BAPA - 1,908 kWh/mo.
Source: Batangas II Electric Cooperative, Inc., Lipa City

DEVELOPMENT NEEDS
Considering the total households of 15,636 and assuming the same percentage of household served in the newly energized barangays, there is a need for 5,036 households more to be served in the current year and two (2) more barangays to be energized.

With the average consumption of residential connections of 95 kWh/mo., the power requirement is about 501,885 kilowatts per mo. Considering the projected household by year 2010, the total power requirements for residential household connections is 1,907,600 kilowatts per month.


Reference
Municipal Land Use Committee and the Office of the Municipal Planning and Development Coordinator (June 2000), Comprehensive Land Use Plan of Rosario, Batangas for Planning Period: 2000-2010, Municipality of Rosario, Batangas, Philippines

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