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Municipality of Rosario Batangas

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Rosario Batangas Philippines

Friday, November 18, 2011

Infrastructure and Utilities Sector: Communication

The information contained in this article were based on the Comprehensive Land Use Plan (CLUP) of Rosario, Batangas for the planning period 2000-2010 and were current in 1999 except in places where updates were duly noted.

THIS SOCIO-ECONOMIC PROFILE reports about three major sectors including the Social Sector, the Economic Sector and Infrastructure and Utilities Sector. The Infrastructure and Utilities Sector consists of the following sub-sectors: transportation, water supply, power services, and communication. This article covers the Communication Sub-Sector.

The forms of communication available in the municipality include telecommunication services and facilities, broadcast media and print media. These provide facility of communication, exchange of ideas and foster awareness and consciousness on issues affecting their daily lives.

Telecommunication Services and Facilities
Telecommunication services and facilities include telephone, telex, telegraphic transfer, postal services and other telecommunication services.

Telephone Services
Digital Telecommunication Philippines, Incorporated is the franchise holder of the telephone services and facilities in the municipality. The management office is in Barangay Poblacion B and the service areas include Barangay Poblacion A to E, Namuco, Itlugan, Namunga, Maalas-as, Masaya, San Ignacio, Bagong Pook, San Carlos, San Roque, Quilib, Tiquiwan and Sambat in Baybayin. Type of system is NEAXX GIE, with switching facilities and a capacity of 3,163 lines.

The current existing subscribers are 1,655 lines. There are about 1,508 lines still available for subscription.

Considering the total number of households of 15,636, this indicates only about 9.64% are subscribing to said telephone service franchised.

Telegraph Services
Lone personnel, the telegraph operator manages the telegraph office of the Bureau of Telecommunication in the municipality. The Telecommunications Office share office space with the postal service. The volume of messages sent and received are as follows:

Volume of Messages Sent and Received by the Telegraph Office: 1997, 1998 and 1999
  • Telegram Sent - 966
  • Telegram Received - 716
  • Telegram Received - 507
  • Relay Telegram - 333
  • Free Telegram Filed - 203
  • Received Telegram Filed - 139
  • Telegram Received - 436
  • Relay Telegram - 342
  • Free Telegram Filed - 162
  • Received Telegram Filed - 109
Source: Department of Transportation and Telecommunications, Rosario, Batangas

It can be noted that volume of messages transacted is on a decreasing pattern. The population, due to availability of land line phones and mobile phones, widely prefer to use this mode pf communication. Hence, use of telegraph facilities was minimal.

Postal Services
The local post office staffed by 10 people is rendering postal services. It is headed by a postmaster, and is being assisted by one postman teller, one dispatching clerk and seven (7) letter carriers.

The Postal Office is within the town hall building. Facilities include only one mailbox and seven (7) motorcycles considered private since they are owned by the letter carriers.

The volume of letter dispatched and received by the office from 1997 to 1999 are as follows:

Volume of Letter Dispatched/Received at the Postal Office: 1997, 1998 and 1999
  • Dispatched - 197,901
  • Registered Mail - 11,003
  • Special Delivery - 38,245
  • Air Mail - 68,949
  • Priority Mail - 27,670
  • Ordinary Mail - 48,534
  • Express Mail - 3,500
  • Received - 247,203
  • Registered Mail - 22,984
  • Special Delivery - 40,246
  • Air Mail - 73,469
  • Priority Mail - 30,204
  • Ordinary Mail - 78,200
  • Express Mail - 1,600
  • Parcels - 500
  • Dispatched - 225,704
  • Registered Mail - 17,323
  • Special Delivery - 43,500
  • Air Mail - 74,200
  • Priority Mail - 32,645
  • Ordinary Mail - 52,836
  • Express Mail - 5,200
  • Received - 286,761
  • Registered Mail - 26,748
  • Special Delivery - 48,532
  • Air Mail - 81,946
  • Priority Mail - 40,328
  • Ordinary Mail - 83,546
  • Express Mail - 4,987
  • Parcels - 674
  • Dispatched - 241,527
  • Registered Mail - 18,535
  • Special Delivery - 45,300
  • Air Mail - 76,900
  • Priority Mail - 35,745
  • Ordinary Mail - 58,847
  • Express Mail - 6,200
  • Received - 300,471
  • Registered Mail - 28,849
  • Special Delivery - 50,634
  • Air Mail - 85,942
  • Priority Mail - 44,328
  • Ordinary Mail - 84,634
  • Express Mail - 5,430
  • Parcels - 654
Source: Philippine Postal Corporation, Rosario, Batangas

It can be noted that communication through letters is still prevalent in the municipality. All types of postal services in terms of letter dispatched and received are on an increasing trend.
With seven (7) letter carriers, the permanent letter carrier to population ratio is one letter carrier for every 11,731 population. This is way below the standard of 1 letter carrier per 5,000 population.

Other Telecommunication Services and Facilities
Other telecommunication services and facilities are public calling station, and private pay phone stations. There are about ten (10) of this telephone calling stations/booths scattered in strategic location in the Poblacion Barangays, and other adjacent barangays.

There are 2 in Barangay Poblacion B; 1 in Barangay Poblacion C; 2 in Barangay Poblacion D; 1 in Barangay Poblacion E; 1 in San Ignacio; 1 in Maalas-as and 2 in Namunga. These are operated and owned by DIGITEL, PLDT and Liberty Telephone, Inc.

There are also cell sites that service the mobile cellphones in the area. These cell sites were being operated and managed by mobile phone franchisees like SMART Communication Inc. and GLOBE Telecom, Inc.

There are private fax machines that offer fax services both local and international. Email communication through Internet services of privately owned computers are also available.

Broadcast Media
There are no broadcast media stations in the municipality. However, all broadcast stations in Metro Manila, Batangas City, Lucena City and Lipa City can be hooked up and heard in the municipality.

The same is true for all television stations in Metro Manila. They can all be simulcast and seen in the municipality.

For more choices of TV stations and better quality viewing, cable television services is also available. The Rosario Batangas Cable TV Services, Inc. at Barangay Namunga is the cable television service provider. It occupies 459 square meters of land. Area of coverage includes Bagong Pook, Namunga, Itlugan and Quilib. It has about 500 subscribers.

Print Media
Most newspapers, magazine, tabloids and printed materials for the general public consumption is available in the municipality. National newspapers such as Philippine Daily Inquirer, Manila Bulletin, Philippine Star and Times Journal are available daily from Metro Manila. These media make the citizenry of Rosario aware and conscious of what is happening around them by having access to national and international news.

In all these forms of communication, only telephone services and postal services need to be made accessible to the population. With the standard of 1 telephone connection per 5 households, there is a current need for a total of 3,127 telephone connections.

Considering, the present number of 1,655 DIGITEL subscribers, there is an additional current need for 1,472 lines. The available DIGITEL lines are more than adequate. Capacity to pay of each household for telephone connection is the challenge to be considered in the economics base sectors of the plan.

With the projected number of households reaching 20,080 by year 2010, there should be a total of 4,016 telephone connections by then. With the present subscribers of 1,655, future requirement is 2,361 connections.

In terms of postal services, the increasing volume of messages and letters being transacted show that it is useful to the population. In fact, a large portion of the population take advantage of these services. Consequently, there is a need to improve their services, as well as to make these services more accessible to the people.

Improvement in terms of office space and equipment must be considered. Equipment and facilities such as mail distribution centers, postal stations/circuits, money order machine and stamping machine (meter) and most specially mail transport vehicles must be given priority.

These facilities should be acquired in good, updated and state-of-the-art quality to sustain the trust and confidence of the clientele: the general public.

In terms of letter carrier to population, the prevent ratio of 1:11,731 which falls short of the standard one letter carrier per 5,000 population. Thus, currently the required number of letter- carriers should be 16, thus there is shortage of 9 letter carriers. Considering the projected population up to year 2010, the projected number of letter carriers is 21 people. With the current 7 letter carriers, a total of 14 more letter carriers are needed by year 2010. Hiring can be staggered within the planning period attaining a total of 21 letter carrier by year 2010.

Mail transport vehicle should be correspondingly improved. One vehicle per letter carrier must be provided. The postal office must prioritize acquisition of vehicle for use of the postal letter carriers. These will further improve the quality of postal services to the population.

Municipal Land Use Committee and the Office of the Municipal Planning and Development Coordinator (June 2000), Comprehensive Land Use Plan of Rosario, Batangas for Planning Period: 2000-2010, Municipality of Rosario, Batangas, Philippines

Infrastructure and Utilities Sector: Power Services

The information contained in this article were based on the Comprehensive Land Use Plan (CLUP) of Rosario, Batangas for the planning period 2000-2010 and were current in 1999 except in places where updates were duly noted.

THIS SOCIO-ECONOMIC PROFILE reports about three major sectors including the Social Sector, the Economic Sector and Infrastructure and Utilities Sector. The Infrastructure and Utilities Sector consists of the following sub-sectors: transportation, water supply, power services, and communication. This article covers the Power Services Sub-Sector.

FUEL USED for lighting and cooking provide useful information on determining what type does the population most commonly use. It can be electricity, kerosene, liquefied petroleum gas and other types. Adequacy and inadequacy of the type commonly used can also be determined.

Fuel Used for Lighting
The primary survey conducted shows that electricity as type of fuel used for lighting is used by 60% of the total household. Kerosene users constitute 20% and those with privately owned generator sets or motors is about 1% of the total household. About 19% were not able to state the type of fuel they used for lighting.

In the urban barangays, 66% are electricity users; 2% are kerosene users; 1% have generator sets or motors; and 31.7% are not stated.

Households that uses electricity outside of the urban barangays constitutes about 60% of the total rural households. Those that use kerosene are about 21%. Only 1 percent has generator sets or motors and 18% are not stated.

Households by Type of Fuel Used for Lighting, 1999
Type of Fuel Used, Total Households and Percent to Total
  • Electricity - 9,445 households - 60.4%
  • Kerosene - 3,034 households - 19.4%
  • Motor - 211 households - 1.3%
  • Not Stated - 2,946 households - 18.8%
  • Total - 15,636 - 100%
Source: Municipal Access and Innovations Database (MASID), Office for Sustainable Development, Municipality of Rosario, Batangas

Fuel Used for Cooking
Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) is the major kind of fuel used for cooking by households in the municipality. About 56.14% of households used LPG. It is still remarkable that earthen stone using wood and charcoal and kerosene stoves are still used by a large percentage of households representing about 41.43%. Only a small percentage of the total households use electricity for cooking.

There are more users of electricity and liquefied petroleum gas for cooking among urban households than rural households. Stoves using kerosene, charcoal and wood and liquefied petroleum gas are most commonly used by households in rural areas.

Households by Type of Fuel Used for Cooking, 1999
Type of Fuel Used, Total Households and Percent to Total
  • Electricity - 389 households - 2.5%
  • Stove (kerosene, charcoal and wood) - 6,408 households - 41.0%
  • Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) - 8,839 households - 56.5%
  • Total - 15,636 households - 100.0%
Source: Municipal Access and Innovations Database (MASID), Office for Sustainable Development, Municipality of Rosario, Batangas

Electric Service
Electric services is being provided by the Batangas II Electric Cooperative, Inc. (BATELEC II) with main office at Lipa City and a sub office at the municipality. Facilities include two sub-stations at barangays San Roque and Masaya with primary metering facility and 567 streetlights.

BATELEC II has a total of 8,812 consumers in the municipality. Residential consumers constitute 92% of the total. Commercial establishments rank second constituting about 6% of the total consumers of electricity.

Of the total 48 barangays, 43 are actually and currently energized; 3 are newly energized but households served are not yet reported and 2 are still for energization. Barangays actually and currently energized have total household of 14,677. Of these 9,718 or 66.21% are served on subscribers of BATELEC II while the remaining 33.71% are still to be connected to power services. The following shows household served and unserved by power supply by barangay.

Households Served and Unserved by Power Supply by Barangay Municipality of Rosario, Batangas: 1999
Barangay and Number of Households Served by Power Supply
  • Poblacion A, B, C, D and E - 1,265
  • Alupay - 373
  • Bagong Pook - 598
  • Balibago - 216
  • Bayawang - 220
  • Bulihan - 328
  • Cahigam - 144
  • Calantas - 116
  • Colongan and Timbugan - 422
  • Itlugan and Namuco - 593
  • Leviste - 77
  • Lumbangan - 121
  • Maalas-as - 266
  • Mabato and Maligaya - 260
  • Macalamcam A and B - 242
  • Malaya - 181
  • Marilag - 143
  • Masaya and Namunga - 889
  • Mavalor - 156
  • Mayuro - 214
  • Pinagsibaan, Salao & Puting Kahoy - 703
  • Quilib - 256
  • San Carlos and Tiquiwan - 582
  • San Ignacio - 192
  • San Isidro - 125
  • San Jose - 257
  • Sn. Roque - 515
  • Sta. Cruz - 183
  • Tulos - 81
  • Total - 9,718
Barangay and Number of Households Unserved by Power Supply
  • Poblacion A, B, C, D and E - 171
  • Alupay - 212
  • Bagong Pook - 128
  • Balibago - 44
  • Bulihan - 171
  • Cahigam - 200
  • Calantas - 156
  • Colongan and Timbugan - 167
  • Itlugan and Namuco - 644
  • Leviste - 159
  • Lumbangan - 64
  • Maalas-as - 1
  • Mabato and Maligaya - 104
  • Macalamcam A and B - 212
  • Malaya - 50
  • Marilag - 182
  • Mavalor - 57
  • Mayuro - 102
  • Pinagsibaan, Salao & Puting Kahoy - 394
  • Quilib - 130
  • San Carlos and Tiquiwan - 161
  • San Ignacio - 66
  • San Isidro - 366
  • Sta. Cruz - 200
  • Tulos - 265
  • Total - 5,036
Source: Batangas II Electric Cooperative, Inc., Lipa City

Of the urban households, 88% are served while 12% are unserved. For the rural household about 64% are served while 36%t remain unserved.

The three newly energized barangays are Mabunga, Matamis and Palakpak. Their data on households served has not been uploaded into the system yet. The two barangays targeted for energization are Antipolo and Nasi.

Other consumers/subscribers registered with BATELEC II are commercial establishments (497), industrial firms (3), residential-commercial mixed (40), and CWS (8). There are also 47 Barangay Power Associations (BAPAs) being supervised by BATELEC II. The government entities as subscribers are liable for public buildings (72) and streetlights (17). Thus, there are a total of 684 other consumers.

Together with household connections of 9,778, the power services consumers are 10,402 in total.

The average monthly consumption for residential connection is 95 kilowatt per hour per month.

The following shows other types of connection, number of connections and average consumption (kWh/month)

Number of Connections by Type of Users and Average Consumption (kWh/mo.), 1999
Type of Connection, Number of Connections and Total Consumption (kWh/mo.)
  • Industrial - 3 connections - 164,520 kWh/mo.
  • Commercial - 497 connections - 503,543 kWh/mo.
  • Public Building - 72 connections - 21,226 kWh/mo.
  • Streetlights (Public) - 17 connections - 29,867 kWh/mo.
  • Others:
  • Residential-Commercial - 40 connections - 11,571 kWh/mo.
  • CWS - 8 connections - 25,259 kWh/mo.
  • BAPA - 47 connections - 89,682
Total - 684 connections - 845,668 kWh/mo.

Type of Connection and Average Consumption (kWh/mo.)
  • Industrial - 54,840 kWh/mo.
  • Commercial - 1,013 kWh/mo.
  • Public Building - 295 kWh/mo.
  • Streetlights (Public) - 1,757 kWh/mo.
  • Others:
  • Residential-Commercial - 289 kWh/mo.
  • CWS - 3,157 kWh/mo.
  • BAPA - 1,908 kWh/mo.
Source: Batangas II Electric Cooperative, Inc., Lipa City

Considering the total households of 15,636 and assuming the same percentage of household served in the newly energized barangays, there is a need for 5,036 households more to be served in the current year and two (2) more barangays to be energized.

With the average consumption of residential connections of 95 kWh/mo., the power requirement is about 501,885 kilowatts per mo. Considering the projected household by year 2010, the total power requirements for residential household connections is 1,907,600 kilowatts per month.

Municipal Land Use Committee and the Office of the Municipal Planning and Development Coordinator (June 2000), Comprehensive Land Use Plan of Rosario, Batangas for Planning Period: 2000-2010, Municipality of Rosario, Batangas, Philippines

Infrastructure and Utilities Sector: Water Supply

The information contained in this article were based on the Comprehensive Land Use Plan (CLUP) of Rosario, Batangas for the planning period 2000-2010 and were current in 1999 except in places where updates were duly noted.

THIS SOCIO-ECONOMIC PROFILE reports about three major sectors including the Social Sector, the Economic Sector and Infrastructure and Utilities Sector. The Infrastructure and Utilities Sector consists of the following sub-sectors: transportation, water supply, power services, and communication. This article covers the Water Supply Sub-Sector.

Waterworks System
The waterworks system of Rosario, considered as a level III water supply service is being operated and managed by the Rosario Water District. The system source its water from barangays San Roque , Quilib, Bagong Pook, Namunga and Tombol Hill in Poblacion B.

There are 6 interconnected pumps, with each source having one pump each, except with Tombol Hill with 2 pumps. The total capacity of these source and pumps is about 49 liters per second or 4,233,600 liters per day. There are total of ten (10) barangays covered with 60 percent of the total households in those barangays served by the system and 40 percent unserved.

Location of Water Sources, Capacity and Service Coverage of Waterworks System Municipality of Rosario, Batangas: 1999
  • Poblacion B (2 pumps) in Tombol Hill - 1,036,800 liters/day covering Poblacion A, B, C, D & E serving 1,207 households
  • Namunga - 1,296,000 liters/day covering Namunga serving 137 households and Namuco serving 120 households
  • San Roque - 604,800 liters/day covering San Roque serving 457 households
  • Quilib - 604,800 liters/day covering Quilib serving 327 households
  • Bagong Pook - 691,200 liters/day covering Bagong Pook serving 219 households
Total of 6 pumps - 4,233,600 liters/days covering 10 barangays serving 2,467 households
Source: Rosario Water District

There are only three types of consumers noted by the water districts. There are domestic, commercial and semi-commercial connections. Domestic consumers are the major consumers. The following shows number of connection and average water consumption by type of consumers.

Number of Connections and Average Water Consumption by Type of Consumer Municipality of Rosario, Batangas: 2000
Number of Connections
  • Domestic - 2,155
  • Commercial - 146
  • Semi Commercial A - 9
  • Semi Commercial B - 54
  • Semi Commercial C - 103
Average Water Consumption
  • Domestic - 25.18 cubic meters
  • Commercial - 29.69 cubic meters
  • Semi Commercial A - 17.55 cubic meters
  • Semi Commercial B - 22.61 cubic meters
  • Semi Commercial C - 21.44 cubic meters
Source: Rosario Water District

The standard water demand requirement for residential consumer of level III water supply system as developed by the Local Water Utilities Administration (LWUA) is 100-110 liters per capita per day (lcpd) per individual connection. With the current domestic or residential connections of 2,155 households with an average household member of 5 persons, the required volume of water for residential consumption is 1,185,250 liters per day.

For commercial/industrial connections the standard is 1.0-2.0 m3/day/connection. With the present number of commercial and semi-commercial connection, the requirements are 624 m3/day.

With present total type of consumers/connection of existing waterworks system, the requirements is 1,809,250 liters per capita per day. Considering the present capacity, which is 4,233,600 Lcpd, the present system is adequate. There is still an excess of 2,424,350 liters. The system had just been expanded and is still in the process of registering new subscribers and customers for wider coverage.

Level I System
The majority of the population about 86% get water from level I sources such as individual water system with generated and tank tubed/piped deep wells, shallow wells, dug wells, spring, lake, river and rain water. There are also water peddlers that delivers water to households. Household survey shows that there are about 4,602 households that get water from faucets of individual water system put by each household with own generating unit and water tank. Dug wells are the least source of water supply with 252 households during water from said sources of water supply.

Sources of Level I Water Supply Services Municipality of Rosario, Batangas: 1999
Type of Water Source, Number of Households and Percent to Total
  • Faucets (Industrial Water System) - 4,602 households - 34%
  • Deep wells/Shallow wells - 4,206 households - 31%
  • Dug wells - 252 households - 2%
  • Rainwater and Springs - 1,450 households - 11%
  • Peddlers - 2,971 households - 22%
  • Total 13,481 households - 100%
Source: Municipal Access and Innovations Database (MASID), Office for Sustainable Development, Municipality of Rosario, Batangas

The current situation in water supply service can be said to be adequate in some aspects but is generally inadequate. The present waterworks system has a capacity of 4,233,600 liters per day, while based on listed consumers, the total consumption is only 1,809,250 liters per day, thus an excess of 2,424,250 liters per day. The system can still accommodate about 4,408 households.

Considering the present residential connection as households and the additional 4,408 households that can still be accommodated in the system, the total households to be served by the system will be 6,523 or 41% only of the total . The remainder has to source water from other water supply service sources.

This is based on water demand standard requirement developed by the Local Water Utilities Administration (LWUA) of 100-110 liters per capita per day per residential individual household connection and 1–2 cubic meters per day for commercial and industrial connections. These standards are for level III water supply services.

For purposes of future requirements, there is a need to plan and program an overall water supply service system that will provide adequate and accessible water supply service to the population.

Expansion of present capacity of waterworks system, establishment of Level III water supply service and provision of equipment and facilities for level I point and distribution.

Studies and research on other sources of water is also necessary to augment present facility. Tapping of potential water sources is also recommended.

Developing of new watershed areas and preservation of existing ones are ecological measures that can be done to maintain water resources in the areas. These can be done through tree planting, reforestation and forestation of elevated areas.

In areas with slopes 18% and above, forest plantations can be established. In watershed areas, vegetative measures and structural measures should be constructed to ensure abundant supply of water even during dry season especially around Tombol Hill at Barangay Poblacion B and San Roque.

Environmental Sanitation must be maintained to sustain potability and water quality of water resources both ground and surface water.

Municipal Land Use Committee and the Office of the Municipal Planning and Development Coordinator (June 2000), Comprehensive Land Use Plan of Rosario, Batangas for Planning Period: 2000-2010, Municipality of Rosario, Batangas, Philippines

Infrastructure and Utilities Sector: Transportation

The information contained in this article were based on the Comprehensive Land Use Plan (CLUP) of Rosario, Batangas for the planning period 2000-2010 and were current in 1999 except in places where updates were duly noted.

THIS SOCIO-ECONOMIC PROFILE reports about three major sectors including the Social Sector, the Economic Sector and Infrastructure and Utilities Sector. The Infrastructure and Utilities Sector consists of the following sub-sectors: transportation, water supply, power services, and communication. This article covers the Transportation Sub-Sector.

Circulation System

Urban and Rural Population

The urban areas have a population of 7,177 and 74,938 population in the rural barangays. The Batangas-Quezon National Road serves as the main development spine, connecting on the east to San Juan and on the west to Ibaan. Neighboring municipalities such as Lipa City, Padre Garcia and Taysan are connected to the Poblacion by the provincial roads. Barangay roads are perpendicularly inter-linked to the provincial roads.

Land Transportation: Road Network
Inventory of Roads
As of 1999, the total road kilometerage is 386.49 kilometers. Occupying a total land area of 27,923.6687 hectares. This shows a road density of 1.38 kilometer per 100 hectare of land. The road system is classified into national (19.64 kilometers) Provincial (69.49 kilometers) municipal (6.736 kilometers) and barangay (290,624 kilometers).

With regards to the type of pavement, 16.40% have concrete paved surfaces while the remaining 83.6% are on-going concreting. Provincial roads are 16.89% concreted, 0.79% asphalt and 82.31% gravel. Municipal streets are 100% concreted. A big percentage (50.24%) of barangay roads is gravel. Next is 40.22% by earth filled.

On-going municipal infrastructure projects are concentrated on the construction and improvement of the national, provincial and municipal roads. Most barangay roads are being funded from their respective internal revenue allotments, which are very meager for the completion of their current needs.

Summary of Roads by Administrative Classification and Length (in kilometers), 1999
  • National - 19.640 km km
  • Provincial - 69.490 km
  • Municipal - 6.736 km
  • Barangay - 290.624 km
  • Total - 386.490 km
Source: Department of Public Works and Highways

Inventory of Roads by Administrative Classification, 1999
Road Name and Length (in kilometers)

National Road
  • Quilib-Puting Kahoy - 15.940 km
  • Poblacion-San Ignacio - 3.700 km
  • Sub-Total National - 19.640 km
Provincial Road
  • Mavalor Road - 4.940 km
  • Old Rosario Market Road - 1.000 km
  • Calle Marquez Garcia - 0.200 km
  • Masaya-Timbugan-Colongan Road - 3.200 km
  • Rosario-Taysan Road - 7.600 km
  • Mabayabas-Cahigam-Jct. Baybayin - 8.300 km
  • Lumbangan-Mayuro Road - 6.500 km
  • Mayuro-Bayawang Road - 3.500 km
  • San Carlos-Pulo-Maugat Road - 6.000 km
  • Baybayin-Mabato-Pinagsibaan - 8.700 km
  • Natu-Maugat road - 2.700 km
  • Alupay Cemetery Road - 4.050 km
  • Pinagsibaan-Salao Road - 5.000 km
  • Puting-Kahoy-Tulos-Matamis - 7.800 km
  • Sub-Total Provincial - 69.490 km
Municipal Road
  • Magtibay St. - 0.560 km
  • L. Greñas St. - 0.480 km
  • I. Farol St. - 0.080 km
  • V. Rodelas St. - 0.340 km
  • E. Zuño St. - 1.200 km
  • J. Belen St. - 1.020 km
  • Y. Zuño St. - 1.010 km
  • V. Escano St. - 0.320 km
  • Buquir St. - 0.070 km
  • C. Alday St. - 0.200 km
  • H. Mindanao St. - 0.330 km
  • A. Sevilla St. - 0.130 km
  • L. Esguerra St. - 0.148 km
  • E. Carreon St. - 0.150 km
  • N. Suarez St. - 0.150 km
  • L. Tejada St. - 0.330 km
  • L. Cuartero St. - 0.098 km
  • A. Arias St. - 0.120 km
  • Sub-Total Municipal - 6.736 km
Barangay Road
  • Alupay - 1.700 km
  • Antipolo - 9.390 km
  • Bagong Pook - 2.400 km
  • Balibago - 3.300 km
  • Bayawang - 9.100 km
  • Baybayin - 4.500 km
  • Bulihan - 18.000 km
  • Cahigam - 3.399km
  • Calantas - 10.500 km
  • Colongan - 3.281 km
  • Itlugan - 3.000 km
  • Leviste - 9.500 km
  • Lumbangan - 2.500 km
  • Maalas-as - 3.600 km
  • Mabato - 5.400 km
  • Mabunga - 6.200 km
  • Macalamcam A - 7.500 km
  • Macalamcam B - 8.000 km
  • Malaya - 2.500 km
  • Maligaya - 3.500 km
  • Marilag - 4.800 km
  • Masaya - 7.000 km
  • Matamis - 29.000 km
  • Mavalor - 4.000 km
  • Mayuro - 9.250 km
  • Namuco - 18.900 km
  • Namunga - 5.500 km
  • Nasi - 4.000 km
  • Natu - 8.300 km
  • Palakpak - 2.000 km
  • Pinagsibaan - 2.000 km
  • Puting-Kahoy - 6.000 km
  • Quilib - 1.330 km
  • Salao - 5.274 km
  • San Carlos - 7.800 km
  • San Ignacio - 13.700 km
  • San Isidro - 19.500 km
  • San Jose - 4.500 km
  • San Roque - 1.300 km
  • Sta. Cruz - 5.200 km
  • Timbugan - 5.000 km
  • Tiquiwan - 2.000 km
  • Tulos - 7.000 km
  • Sub-Total Barangay - 132.554 km
Source: Office of the Municipal Engineer, Rosario, Batangas

Inventory of Bridges
There are eighteen (18) concrete bridges, twenty-three (23) timber (wood) bridges and five (5) other types of construction materials.

The concrete bridges located at Barangays Natu, Colongan, San Carlos, San Roque, Tiquiwan, Bagong Pook, Pinagsibaan, Itlugan, Maalas-as and Namunga.

The timber wood bridges located at Barangays Balibago, Bayawang Cahigam, Itlugan, Mabunga, Mavalor, Puting Kahoy, San Carlos, San Roque, Timbugan, Bulihan, Cahigam, Macalamcam, Puting Kahoy, Tulos and Matamis.

All bridges are passable to the public commuters, residents, and farmers who had taken the route.

Existing Bridges, Location and Type of Construction Materials Used, 1999
Bridge Name, Location and Length (in meters)
National Administration
  • Pinagsibaan Bridge in Pinagsibaan - 25.00 m
  • Pinagsibaan Bridge in Pinagsibaan - 25.00 m
  • Bagong Pook 1 in Bagong Pook - 11.37 m
  • Bagong Pook 2 in Bagong Pook - 6.60 m
  • Macalamcam Bridge in Bagong Pook - 6.07 m
  • Sub-Total National - 74.04 m
Provincial Administration
  • Maalas-as Bridge in Maalas-as - 48.00 m
  • Itlugan Bridge in Itlugan - 10.00 m
  • Namunga Bridge 2 in Namunga - 8.40 m
  • Maalas-as Bridge in Maalas-as - 8.00 m
  • Namunga Bridge 1 in Namunga - 5.00 m
  • Lawaye Bridge in Puting Kahoy - 42.00 m
  • Nazi Bridge in Nasi - 33.00 4.20 m
  • Buho Bridge in Matamis - 27.00 4.20 m
  • Macalamcam Bridge 108+740 in Macalamcam - 8.25 m
  • Bayawang Bridge 133+500 in Bayawang - 6.70 m
  • Cahigam 107+760 in Cahigam - 6.00 m
  • Bulihan 106+000 in Bulihan - 4.00 m
  • Bulihan 106+100 in Bulihan - 4.00 m
  • Cahigam 107+460 in Cahigam - 3.50 m
  • Paninsingin Bridge in Masaya -
  • Sub-Total Provincial - 213.85 m
Barangay Administration
  • Sitio Gitna in Colongan - 20.00 m
  • Sitio Avocado (2) in Colongan - 14.00 m
  • Sitio Gitna Natu-San Carlos in Natu - 10.00 m
  • V. Barbosa (1) in San Roque - 10.00 m
  • Sitio Pinagpala in San Carlos - 7.00 m
  • Bukang Liwayway in Tiquiwan - 6.00 m
  • Tiquiwan Bridge in Tiquiwan - 6.00 m
  • Sitio Avocado (1) in Colongan - 3.50 m
  • Sitio Cogonan in Bayawang - 15.00 m
  • Sitio Sampalukan (2) in San Carlos - 12.00 m
  • Timbugan Bridge (1) in Timbugan - 12.00 m
  • Sitio Sampalukan (1) in San Carlos - 10.00 m
  • Kapitan Manuel in San Roque - 10.00 m
  • V. Barbosa (2) in San Roque - 10.00 m
  • Sitio Silangan in Timbugan - 10.00 m
  • Sitio Balbanirahan in Cahigam - 8.00 m
  • Sitio Kanluran in Mabunga - 8.00 m
  • Sitio Sampalokan in Puting kahoy - 8.00 m
  • Sitio Guijo in Itlugan - 8.00 m
  • Balibago - Macalamcam A in Balibago - 6.00 m
  • Sitio Palayan in Mavalor - 6.00 m
  • Timbugan Bridge (2) in Timbugan - 6.00 m
  • Sitio Silangan Mabunga - 16.00 m
  • Malaya-Marilag in Marilag - 15.00 m
  • Sitio Mauricio in Bulihan - 8.00 m
  • Sitio Avocado (3) in Colongan - 6.00 m
  • Sitio Kanluran in Timbugan - 6.00 m
  • Sub-Total Barangay - 93 m
Source: Department of Public Works and Highways

Trends in Traffic Volume
The trends in traffic volume particularly in the Central Business District located at Barangay Poblacion B, C, D and E are heavy traffic especially Friday the market day.

Inventory of Motor Vehicles
Mode of transportation of the municipality of Rosario are motorcycles/ tricycles (33.63%) of the total land transport vehicles both private and public utility vehicles, light vehicles (51.91%), bicycle (16.83%), trucks/ heavy trucks (2.22%), tractor (3.57%), kalesa/kariton (2.45%) and Kubota and others (4.97%).

Inventory of Land Transport Vehicles, 1999
  • Light Vehicles - 1,777
  • Motorcycle/Tricycle - 1,421
  • Bicycle - 576
  • Trucks/Heavy Trucks - 76
  • Tractor - 122
  • Kalesa/Kariton - 84
  • Kubota - 53
  • Others - 117
  • Total - 4,226
Source: Municipal Access and Innovations Database (MASID)

Private vehicles are more numerous than public vehicles. Public transport include Supreme and Barney Bus Lines plying the route of Batangas City-Lucena City and Batangas City-Tagkawayan respectively; JAM Liner plying the route of Candelaria-LRT Buendia, via San Juan, Rosario and Lipa City everyday in the morning; tricycles servicing residents within the Poblacion and nearby barangays.

Trucks transport farm produce particularly sugarcane to Canlubang, Laguna, and Balayan and Nasugbu, Batangas; trailer and dump trucks carrying construction materials often traverse the town major thorough fares.

Transport Facilities
Public Utility jeepneys plying the route of Rosario-Batangas City utilize the parking lot of Shoppersmart along Gualberto Avenue. Rosario-Taysan jeepneys have a terminal in the market site at Barangay Poblacion E.

The Rosario-Lipa jeepneys utilize the loading and unloading area at Barangay Poblacion C; also the San Juan-Lipa City jeepneys passing by along Gualberto Ave.

Public utility tricycles likewise have a designated station or area for different barangay routes in the Poblacion area. They are located in the place accessible to the people and may not cause traffic hazard for the public.

Land Area
Total Area, Agricultural Land and Built-Up Areas, 1999
The municipality of Rosario has a total land area of 27,923.6687 hectares, while its agricultural land area is 10,263.27 hectares, and 753.4311 for built-up areas.

Land Area and Uses, 1999
  • Total Land Area - 27,923.6687 has. - 100.00%
  • Arable Land/Agricultural Area- 10,263.2700 has. - 36.75%
  • Built-Up Area - 753.4311 has. - 2.70%
Source: Land Use Sector

Problem Areas
Road Accidents Frequency and Location, 1999
Urban Barangays
  • Poblacion A - 11
  • Poblacion B - 7
  • Poblacion C - 13
  • Poblacion D - 11
  • Poblacion E - 10
  • Sub-Total Urban - 52
Rural Barangays
  • Antipolo - 17
  • Balibago - 29
  • Bulihan - 15
  • Calantas - 2
  • Leviste - 11
  • Mabato - 5
  • Masaya - 8
  • Namuco - 11
  • Namunga - 13
  • Natu - 11
  • Pinagsibaan - 5
  • Puting Kahoy - 11
  • Quilib - 8
  • San Carlos - 18
  • San Ignacio - 8
  • San Jose - 11
  • San Roque - 12
  • Tiquiwan - 7
  • Sub-Total Rural - 202
Grand Total - 254

Source: Philippine National Police (PNP)

Location, Nature and Frequency, 1999
Urban Barangays
  • Vehicle to Vehicle - 22
  • Vehicle to Pedestrian - 12
  • Vehicle to Animal - 0
  • Vehicle to Property - 6
  • Fatality - 0
  • Injury - 12
  • Damage - PHP6,500.00
  • Sub-Total Urban - 52
Rural Barangays
  • Vehicle to Vehicle - 85
  • Vehicle to Pedestrian - 27
  • Vehicle to Animal - 2
  • Vehicle to Property - 29
  • Fatality - 6
  • Injury - 53
  • Damage - PHP119,600.00
  • Sub-Total Rural - 202
  • Vehicle to Vehicle - 107
  • Vehicle to Pedestrian - 39
  • Vehicle to Animal - 2
  • Vehicle to Property - 39
  • Fatality - 6
  • Injury - 53
  • Damage - PHP126,100.00
  • Grand Total - 254
Source: Philippine National Police (PNP)

With a total road length of 386.49 kilometers and a total land area of 27, 923.6687 hectares, the existing road to land ratio is 1.38 kilometers per 100 hectares. Comparing this with the standard ratio of 1 kilometer per 100 hectares it is clear that the municipality is above the general standard.

Exceeding the standard, however does not mean that road construction shall not be conducted. This will actually depend on the need that will arise in the coming years.

In line with the development thrust is the area, more roads are expected to be constructed depending on the needs of the project. It should be noted however, that the roads to be constructed should align with existing road network.

Among all the roads, the barangay roads appear to be needing priority attention with regards to road improvement and maintenance since as mentioned earlier 83.6% are still gravel/earth fill improvement of such road will improve the accessibility/ mobility of residents in the rural portion of the municipality.

Although the majority of the national and municipal roads are generally in good condition, it is essential that they be properly maintained to ensure convenience and safety for the commuting public motorists.

Other projects that should be given utmost attention are the continuation of concreting of barangay roads and continuation of construction of drainage canal of municipal roads.

And lastly, the Local Government should also aim to improve its external/internal linkages in order to facilitate the movements of goods and people within and outside the municipality.

Municipal Land Use Committee and the Office of the Municipal Planning and Development Coordinator (June 2000), Comprehensive Land Use Plan of Rosario, Batangas for Planning Period: 2000-2010, Municipality of Rosario, Batangas, Philippines

Economic Sector: Industry

The information contained in this article were based on the Comprehensive Land Use Plan (CLUP) of Rosario, Batangas for the planning period 2000-2010 and were current in 1999 except in places where updates were duly noted.

THIS SOCIO-ECONOMIC PROFILE reports about three major sectors including the Social Sector, the Economic Sector and Infrastructure and Utilities Sector. The Economic Sector consists of the following sub-sectors: agriculture, tourism, commerce and industry. This article covers the Industry Sub-Sector.

Industrial development must consider full employment based on sound agricultural development and agrarian reform, through industries that make full and efficient use of human and natural resources and which are competitive in both domestic and foreign markets.

There are thirteen existing industrial establishments in the municipality. Except for Puyat Steel Corporation, all industries are agri-based. These are the food processing industry, feed mills and oil manufacturer. Eleven of these establishments are classified small-scale industries. Puyat Steel is classified large industry while Dragon Phoenix Multi Resources is classified medium. The classification is according to capitalization.

Classification according to Degree of Hazard and Pollution classifies Puyat Steel Cooperation a heavy industry meaning highly pollutive and hazardous industry. Pollution impact of said industry must be actively monitored. All other industries are classified as light to medium industries ranging from non-pollutive/non-hazardous industries to pollutive/hazardous industries. Monitoring of pollution impacts is also necessary.

These industrial establishments occupy a total area of 43.9820 hectares. Industrial establishments are concentrated in the western tip of the municipality coming from Batangas City via the municipality of Ibaan, adjacent and around the Poblacion Barangays. Three establishments are in Barangay Poblacion C. Other barangays with industrial establishment are Barangays Bagong Pook, Masaya, Namuco, San Carlos, San Ignacio and San Roque.

The following shows existing industrial establishment in Rosario for the year 1999.

Existing Industrial Establishments Municipality of Rosario, Batangas: 1999
Industry Type, Name of Establishment, Location and Land Area (in square meters)
Small Scale Industry
  • Tropic Delight Food Industry in Bagong Pook - 546.00 sqm.
  • Vision 2000 Feedmills Corporation in Bagong Pook - 1,080.00 sqm.
  • Blue Diamond Feedmills in Poblacion D - 1,333.00 sqm.
  • Rodsan Oil Manufacturer in Poblacion D - 4,587.00 sqm.
  • TS Marketing in Poblacion D - 239.00 sqm.
  • Galactic Resources Dev't. Corp. in Masaya - 32,323.00 sqm.
  • TS Food Industries in Masaya - 32,500.00 sqm.
  • Bestnet Industries in Namuco - 17,938.00 sqm.
  • PSM Industries in Namuco - 663.18 sqm.
  • Goldstar Feedmills in San Carlos - 24,701.00 sqm.
  • Manalo's Ice Plant in San Roque - 1,419.00 sqm.
Medium Scale Industry
  • Dragon Phoenix Multi-Resources in San Ignacio - 23,910.00 sqm.
Large Scale Industry
  • Puyat Steel Corp. in Masaya - 300,000.00 sqm.
TOTAL - 441,239.18 sqm.
Source: Office of the Municipal Treasurer, Rosario, Batangas

The population is also engaging to cottage industries that make use of agriculture products. Kalamay and panutsa making are cottage industries common in the area. The municipality is also known because of these delicacies. Kalamay is made of sticky rice, coconut milk and sugar. Panutsa on the one hand is made of peanuts and sugar. There are five registered kalamay making cottage industry and seven panutsa making activities.

There is a need for a holistic approach to industrial development that will focus on the agri-industrialization of the municipality and less polluting. The present number and type of industrial activities being still manageable must be continuously monitored for environmental impacts. Use of local materials or inputs must be considered in these establishments. The labor force of the municipality must be priority in terms of employment based on capability and qualification to the job.

For future requirements on industrial expansion areas need to be allocated and identified to meet future requirements. Type and classification of industries based on capitalization, employment and degree of hazard/pollution must be considered. Industries classified as large in terms of capital and employment should be encouraged.

In terms of degree of environmental hazard and pollution only light to medium intensity industries shall be allowed. Considering the area requirement for light to medium industrial establishments, a total 210.904 hectares is required using the standard of 2 hectare per 1,000 population by year 2010.

Nevertheless, leadership must consider going beyond the zonal framework since activities around immediate vicinity of the industrial zone has to complement and support the vision to put a stake in development through hosting light to medium industries.

Requirement for an industrial project to undergo the Environment Impact Assessment Study and to secure Environment Compliance Certificate must always be enforced before construction/operation.

Similarly, farmer-beneficiaries, as well as all landholdings subject for implementation of the programs under the CARP are important factors. That in such case the CARP covered landholdings falls within the boundaries of the proposed industrial site, the said area must be replaced by other available portion of land which is non-irrigated and with lesser productivity.

Thus, the listing of agricultural landholdings in Rosario originating from the DAR will also have to be considered in addition to those properties classified as agricultural lands so as to protect the rights of the farmer beneficiaries, considering further that the same will not unjustly affect the zoning nor the future development and growth of the municipality.

Municipal Land Use Committee and the Office of the Municipal Planning and Development Coordinator (June 2000), Comprehensive Land Use Plan of Rosario, Batangas for Planning Period: 2000-2010, Municipality of Rosario, Batangas, Philippines

Economic Sector: Commerce

The information contained in this article were based on the Comprehensive Land Use Plan (CLUP) of Rosario, Batangas for the planning period 2000-2010 and were current in 1999 except in places where updates were duly noted.

THIS SOCIO-ECONOMIC PROFILE reports about three major sectors including the Social Sector, the Economic Sector and Infrastructure and Utilities Sector. The Economic Sector consists of the following sub-sectors: agriculture, tourism, commerce and industry. This article covers the Commerce Sub-Sector.

The types of commercial areas, major types of business or trade and other commercial support facilities established in Rosario, Batangas show the level of commercial development in the municipality. These also indicated the feasibility opportunities and incentive in the municipality for further commercial development.

Commercial Areas

Central Business District (CBD)
The concentration of commercial establishments in the municipality is very much evident in the Poblacion barangays. These commercial areas are in Barangay Poblacion B, C, D and E. The largest concentration of commercial establishment or commercial areas is at Poblacion E with the Public Market as the nucleus of the activity.

The commercial area is classified as a Minor Central Business District with the characteristic wet and dry market. It’s a large town in this part of the province, this minor CBD, is a shopping and service area with market as its main feature, complemented by shops, and offices as well recreational and transportation.

Being a catchment area of the surrounding municipalities of Taysan, Ibaan, Padre Garcia and San Juan, this CBD catch not only to the municipality’s own population but those population from other municipalities living adjacent to it. Migrant population drawn to the municipality by employment, recreation and tourism potentials of the municipality are also being served by this CBD.

This Minor Central Business District covers the Public Market within the block bounded by A. Mindanao Street on the north; V. Rodelas St. on the south; Zuno St. on the West and J. Belen St. on the east.

The areas around the Public Market though taking the form of commercial strip also form part of the Minor Central Business District (MCBD). These areas are:
  • Areas within the block bounded on the north by Rodelas St; on the south by Tejada St; on the west by Zuño St. and on the east by a creek.
  • Areas about midblocks.
  • Areas west of Zuño St. extending midblock on areas bounded on the north by L. Esguerra St; on the south by L. Tejada St; on the west by L. Cuartero and A. Arias St. being bisected by E. Carreon, N. Suanes and V. Rodelas St.
  • Area west of Zuño St extending about two (2) lots deep from westwards along Zuño St. bounded on the north by L. Greñas St. and on the south by N. Carreon St.
  • Areas inside blocks bounded on the north by I. Farol St; on the south by H. Mindanao St; on the west by Zuño St. and on the east by J. Belen St. It is also being bisected two unnamed streets (alley).
  • Areas east of J. Belen St. bounded on the north by H. Mindanao St; on the south by V. Rodelas St; on the west by J. Belen St. and on the east by Y. Zuño St. and a creek.
  • Portion of areas within the block bounded on the north by L. Greñas St; on the south by H. Mindanao St; on the west by J. Belen St. and on the east by Y. Zuño St. This is the portion proximate or nearer the public market.

Except for the public market, these areas within the MCBD are noticeably quasi residential-commercial or mixed use development in strip fashion around the public market. Type of commercial activities are generally of retail trade, services and light industrial activities such as welding shops and rice mills. There are also jeepney and tricycle terminals within the MCBD, which cater to the public going to other barangays of the municipality as well as to those of adjacent municipalities.

Commercial Strip
Commercial strips along major roads traversing the municipality are burgeoning about the blocks away from the MCBD. These can be considered extension of the MCBD since it is still within the influence areas of the market and still urban. These developments are prevalent along the provincial road leading to Cayetano St. (national road going to Lipa City) and the Gualberto Avenue (national road going to San Juan). These areas are within the jurisdiction of Poblacion barangay B, C, D and E. Specifically these areas are:

Poblacion B
  • Areas about two lots deep north of Gualberto St. (national road to San Juan) within the block bounded by V. Escano on the north; Gualberto St. on the south; Zuño St. on the west and J. Belen on the east.
  • Areas about one lot deep, south of Gualberto St. bounded on the west by J. Belen St. and on the east by Y. Zuño St. These areas are across the street from the town hall.
  • Areas about one lot deep north of Gualberto St. adjacent to the Catholic Church on the block bounded by V. Escano St. on the north; Gualberto St. on the South; J. Belen St. on the west and Y. Zuño.
Commercial activities in the strip include financial institutions like banks, pawnshop and lending investors; services like photo studio, video rentals, computer service trading and food chain. Retail establishments include general merchandise and mini-mart.

Poblacion C
Areas of about two (2) lots deep on both side of Carandang St. (national/provincial road to Lipa City, starting from the junction of Gualberto Ave and Carandang St. extending up north about 1,300 meters. These include areas adjacent to the municipal park within the block bounded on the north by V. Escano St; on the south by Gualberto Ave; on the west by Carandang St. and on the east by Zuño St.

It is the northern half of a very busy and congested intersection, which lead to Lipa City on the north and Batangas City on the west. It is a mixed commercial-light industrial area with financing institutions, service shops and services, retail stores, funeral parlor and rice mill. A manufacturing business is also in the strip. As it is in the intersection, jeepney terminals to Lipa and Batangas City and Lucena City are also present in this strip.

Poblacion D
  • Areas south of Gualberto St. including blocks bounded by Gualberto Ave. on the north; Magtibay St. on the south ; Carandang St. on the West and J. Belen St. on the east. This is being bisected by Zuño St. These include residential area in the block.
  • Areas about one lot deep west of Carandang St. bounded on the north by Gualberto Ave. and extending 1,700 meters southward west of Carandang St. These areas form the southern part of the intersection between the national/provincial roads to Batangas City and Lipa City.
  • Areas east of Carandang St. extending about one lot deep eastwards and bounded on the north by Magtibay St. and on the south by Greñas St.
  • Areas extending about ____ meters southwards from Gualberto Ave.( national road to Batangas City) and ___ meter eastward from the barangay boundaries between Poblacion D and Barangay Namunga.
Type of Commercial activities are also of mixed types just like in Poblacion C.

Poblacion E
Areas of about one lot deep east of the provincial road from Namuco extending northwards about __ meters bounded on the east by L. Cuartero and A. Arias Streets.

Together with all other commercial establishment scattered and dispersed single structure, these areas constitute the commercial areas of the municipality in the Poblacion Barangays. This covers a total area of 12.163 hectare.

The following shows type of commercial area and commercial establishment therein.

Existing Commercial Establishments, 1999
Type, Location and Number of Commercial Establishments

Minor Central Business District in Poblacion E
Auto Supply - 2
Bakery - 1
Battery Supply - 1
Boutique - 1
Bread Shop - 4
Candy Store - 1
Canteen - 29
Construction Supply - 1
Dried Fish - 8
Drug Store - 6
Dry Goods - 29
Feeds Supply - 14
Footwear - 2
Fruit Stall - 9
Furniture Stall - 1
Gen. Merchandise - 2
Glassware - 12
Grocery - 103
Hardware - 2
Jewelry Shop - 5
Lomi House - 2
Marketing - 1
Meat Vendor - 18
Parlor - 4
Plastic ware - 1
Rice Vendor - 30
Salt Store - 2
Sari-Sari Store - 1
Sedera - 1
Textile - 18
Variety - 1
Vegetable Stall - 27
Veterinary Supply - 2
Warehouses - 7

Commercial Strip in Poblacion B
Baker - 2
Bank - 3
Communication Service Center - 1
Computer Service Center - 1
Food Chain - 1
General Merchandise - 1
Lending Investor - 3
Minimart - 1
Pawnshop - 2
Photo Studio - 3
Trading Business - 1
Video Rental Shop - 1

Commercial Strip in Poblacion C
Bakery - 1
Banks - 3
Barber Shop - 1
Communication Service Center - 1
Construction Supply - 3
Food Stand - 3
Funeral Parlor - 1
General Merchandise - 2
Glass Supply - 1
Lending Investor - 1
Manufacturer - 1
Motor Repair - 1
Pawnshop - 2
Pharmacy - 2
Printing Service - 1
Restaurant - 2
Rice Mill - 2
Rice Retailer - 2
Spare Parts Center - 3
Tailoring Shop - 1
Theater - 1
Trading Business - 1
Upholstery - 1
Welding Shop - 2

Commercial Strip in Poblacion D
Appliance Center - 1
Bakery - 3
Bank - 3
Barber Shop - 2
Beauty Parlor - 2
Computer Service - 1
Construction Supply - 2
Food Stand - 3
Funeral Parlor - 2
General Merchandise - 6
Law Office - 1
Lending Investor - 3
Manufacturer - 1
Minimart - 1
Newspaper Publishing - 1
Pharmacy - 4
Photo Studio - 1
Restaurant - 3
Trading Business - 1
Travel Agency - 1
Video Tape Rental - 1
Welding Shop - 1

Commercial Strip in Poblacion E
Appliance Center - 1
Bakery - 1
Banks - 4
Construction Supply - 5
Garment Store - 1
Gasoline Station - 1
General Merchandise - 3
Glass Supply - 1
Junk Shop - 2
Lending Investor - 4
Marble Supply - 1
Minimart - 2
Pawnshop - 2
Pharmacy - 1
Restaurant - 2
Rice Mill - 2
Rice Retailer - 2
Trading Business
Veterinary Supply - 1
Video Rental Shop - 1
Welding Shop - 6

Types of Commercial Establishments
The four major types of commercial establishments by nature of their business or trade are those establishments engage in banking and finance, wholesale trade, retail trade and services.

Retail Trade
Of the present number of 495 establishments retail trade is the most common type of business. This type constitutes about 70 percent of the total commercial establishments. This type pertains to resale (without transformation of new and used goods to the general public. These includes sari-sari store, specialized Item store, agricultural product retailer, dry good store veterinary supply, spare parts supply and the like. This included almost all stalls in the public market.

Services type establishment ranks second with a total of 104 in 1999. This is about 21% of the total commercial establishments.

Business Services
There are establishment that cater to the care and needs of other business, provide entertainment and personal concerns. Thus service establishment are further classified into business services that cater to legal, accounting, auditing, bookkeeping, technical and clerical consultancy and service.

Recreational Services
Recreational service consist of theater, radio stations, bowling alleys, billiard hall, swimming pools, gymnasium, golf club, cockpits, amusement machine and the like.

Personal Services
Personal Service cater to care of person like in terms of food, clothing and shelter as in restaurants, tailoring shops beauty parlor, lodging houses, laundry service funeral service, janitorial, massage clinics and the like. Among these service establishments, personal services are most common in the municipality.

Wholesale Trade
Wholesale trade is the least type of commercial establishment in the municipality. There are only 16 of these establishments which is only about 3% of the total. These consist of feed supply wholesalers and rice wholesalers. Junk shops are also included therein. Wholesale trade in the municipality dovetailed with the agricultural activities in the area.

Banking and Financing
Banking and finance type comprising of banks, lending investors, pawnshops and money changers total to 30 establishments. These constitute 6% of the total. The presence of these institutions indicates potentials for business ventures and financing in the municipality. Loans and credit may be availed of from these institutions to start of business.

The following table shows commercial establishments by type of business or trade conducted.

Commercial Establishments By Type of Business or Trade
Type of Business or Trade and Number of Commercial Establishments

Banking and Finance - 32
Wholesale Trade - 14
Retail Trade - 184
Services - 82
Total - 312

Banking and Finance - 29
Wholesale Trade - 17
Retail Trade - 131
Services - 66
Total - 243

Banking and Finance - 30
Wholesale Trade - 16
Retail Trade - 345
Services - 104
Total - 495

Sources: Office of the Municipal Treasurer, Rosario, Batangas and Office of Municipal Mayor, Rosario, Batangas

Growth Of Commercial Establishments
Considering, the above table, there has been a fluctuating number of commercial establishments being reported per year from 1997 to year 1999. The figure shows a decline of 22% from 1997 to 1998 and an increase of about 104% from 1998 to 1999. It was however, a remarkable increase from 1998 to 1999.

Retail trade and service are always the most common type of commercial establishments within the three-year period. The decline in 1998 may be attributed to a region wide economic crisis then. With the showing in 1999, it showed resurgence in commercial activities again. This increasing trend in commercial establishments has to be maintained and sustained within the planning period.

Current commercial activities in terms of commercial areas specifically, the existing MCBD must be compact and concentrated, that residential use will be phased-out such that the contiguous areas will all be for commercial use.

Provision of walkways inside the market for pedestrian traffic is necessary for accessibility of commercial establishment and mobility of shoppers. Flow of vehicular traffic on roads abutting the MCBD must be systematized to facilitate travel of shoppers and store owners. Likewise, setbacks, parking space and pedestrian lanes should be provided in commercial strip.

Commercial establishments in these areas need spaces for shoppers and the natural flow must not be obstructed. Setbacks from roads of any commercial establishment in commercial strips must be enforces in the permit system and complied with by entrepreneurs. These commercial strips also aggravate vehicular traffic. Areas should be provided for parking spaces to keep customers outside of the carriageway of roads abutting the establishment.

Expansion of commercial areas in the Poblacion barangays as well as the nodal barangay within its cluster of barangays is a need within the planning period. The growing population increasing economic activities and proposed developments will warrant a corresponding spatial requirement. Additional areas need to be allocated for commercial purposes within the planning period.

In terms of types of commercial establishment prospects for service specifically for business and recreational nature should be looked into. Again increased economic activity in terms of agriculture and industry will need corresponding technical, clerical, legal and documentation consultancy and assistance services to facilitate things.

Likewise, for recreational activities, entrepreneurs and traders may well consider this establishment in support of existing high-end recreational activities that may induce local economy.

Improving and sustaining the growth of commercial establishments as indicated from 1998-1999 must be a prime concern in the sector. The continuous increasing trend must be posted even beyond the planning period. The presence of banking and financing institution will help a lot in these undertaking. Their presence provides some possible financing schemes that investors and entrepreneurs can availed of. Maintaining these establishments in the municipality must always be considered.

Commercial activities in the barangays outside of the Poblacion must also be given impetus. The feasibility of commercial activities per cluster and the allocation of commercial areas in a nodal growth barangay in such a cluster of barangays are necessary. The commercial area must be accessible to all barangays under the cluster. Exchange of good and services then on a cluster level will complement commercial activities in the urban core.

Municipal Land Use Committee and the Office of the Municipal Planning and Development Coordinator (June 2000), Comprehensive Land Use Plan of Rosario, Batangas for Planning Period: 2000-2010, Municipality of Rosario, Batangas, Philippines

Economic Sector: Tourism

The information contained in this article were based on the Comprehensive Land Use Plan (CLUP) of Rosario, Batangas for the planning period 2000-2010 and were current in 1999 except in places where updates were duly noted.

THIS SOCIO-ECONOMIC PROFILE reports about three major sectors including the Social Sector, the Economic Sector and Infrastructure and Utilities Sector. The Economic Sector consists of the following sub-sectors: agriculture, tourism, commerce and industry. This article covers the Tourism Sub-Sector.

Inventory of Tourist Attractions and Facilities
There are six existing areas that are considered tourist attractions. These offer various attractions such as communication facilities, pavilion, recreation and sports facilities.

Tan Ville Garden Resort is one of the main attractions in the locality. It provides comfortable bedrooms, function rooms and a swimming pool. Based on records, Tan Ville has reached a total of 10,000 visitors this year (1999). Its Gross Annual receipt is PHP5 million.

The following shows inventory of tourist spots and attractions in the municipality.

Inventory of Tourist Spots and Attractions, 1999
Tourist Spots and Attractions, Location and Area (in square meters)
  • Batangas Racing Circuit in Maligaya with 179,062.00 sqm. - recreation and sports facilities
  • Grotto in Poblacion B
  • Jan's Farm in Bagong Pook with 12,000.00 sqm. - recreation and sports facilities
  • Savonna Golf Course in Mabato with 978,436.00 sqm.
  • Tan Ville Garden Resort in Namunga with 2,200.00 sqm. - lodging and food, recreation and sports facilities
  • TPJ in Baybayin with 46,413.00 sqm. - lodging and food, recreation and sports facilities
Source: Municipal Assessor's Office

With regards to the accessibility of these areas, they may be reached through passenger jeepneys and tricycles. Grotto is located at Poblacion B, at the foot of Tombol Hill and can be easily noticed. TPJ Resort, Batangas Racing Circuit and Savonna Golf Course are situated in rural areas. Although far from Poblacion, transportation is not a problem. Barangay roads provide access to these areas. It can also be noted that Savonna Golf Course is not yet in operation because construction is still on-going.

Traditional Cultural Activities
It’s been a tradition in the municipality to celebrate different activities related to the cultural values of the people. During the 23rd day of April, Rosario celebrates its town fiesta. This occasion is celebrated in honor of its patron, Our Lady of the Most Holy Rosary.

When Lenten season comes, the town's heart-felt celebration of Holy Week begins. People from different barangays participate in Penitensyahan ROSARIO. In this activity, giant mock-ups are paraded on streets of Rosario. It is also during Holy Week when many of the old time residents make a sentimental journey back home amid rituals of Pabasa, never-ending processions, Stations of the Cross, the dance of the Virgins on Easter Sunday, salubong, etc.

Tourism Potential Areas
The high sloping areas of the municipality on the southeastern portions with slopes of 18% and above are potential tourist attractions. Preservation of existing forest cover, if any, will induce tourism development in terms of mountain climbing, nature tripping and other forms of eco-tourism. Reforestation activities can also be an attraction or point of interest to nature enthusiasts, students and researchers.

The verdant rice fields especially during planting and harvest season are also potentials. Coconut plantation and other agricultural activities are also potential tourist attractions.

Being an agricultural municipality, it would be best if Rosario would endeavor an agri-tourism scheme to supplement the seasonal yield of its farmers as well as popularizing a unique product uncommon to other places, the likes of suman of Baler, longganisa of Lucban and lanzones of Paete. The locally produced kalamay and panutsa, even the first class Dinorado rice, readily comes to mind.

Considering the fact that Rosario has limited tourist attractions and facilities at this time, these can be improved to cater to the needs of the tourists for accommodations, food and attractions for sightseers and nature trippers, thereby capturing the hearts of the visitors to say in Rosario.

Tourist facilities for accommodations, sports and recreation provide comfort, food and relaxation to the visitors interested to stay in the place for more than a day. Furthermore, improvement of the aforementioned facilities would facilitate promotion and marketing of the municipality.

The presence of the Batangas Racing Circuit, Jan’s Farm, and Savonna Golf Course can promote recreational tourism for the municipality. Proper promotion of the attraction and the recreation and sports facilities in these establishments can entice sports and recreation enthusiasts in the area. There is then a need to sustain their interest to stay and spent some time and money in the municipality.

Other tourist attractions and facilities can support the activity by providing accommodations and food, like the Tan Ville Resort and the TPJ. Tombol Hill, the Grotto and the traditional cultural activities can be pitched in for seasonal alternative. Mountain climbing and nature trips can also be offered as an alternative activity to tourists.

The need for a holistic tourism program for the municipality is in order. It can be packaged as a tourism destination for sports and recreation, enthusiasts, nature trippers and sightseers.

This can be coordinated and institutionalized with the establishment or creation of a local government agency such as a Municipal Tourism Board or Office to handle tourism activities yearlong and lasting. A Tourism Board or Office is necessary to coordinate plan and implement tourism program for the municipality.

In addition, organization and mobilization of a Tourism Council that can serve as a partner for development is suggested.

With respect to whatever tourism infrastructure that may be constructed, securing tourism clearance and environmental compliance certificate from the DENR with recommendation of the Provincial Government-Environment and Natural Resources Office (PG-ENRO) will be advisable.

Municipal Land Use Committee and the Office of the Municipal Planning and Development Coordinator (June 2000), Comprehensive Land Use Plan of Rosario, Batangas for Planning Period: 2000-2010, Municipality of Rosario, Batangas, Philippines

Economic Sector: Agriculture

The information contained in this article were based on the Comprehensive Land Use Plan (CLUP) of Rosario, Batangas for the planning period 2000-2010 and were current in 1999 except in places where updates were duly noted.

THIS SOCIO-ECONOMIC PROFILE reports about three major sectors including the Social Sector, the Economic Sector and Infrastructure and Utilities Sector. The Economic Sector consists of the following sub-sectors: agriculture, tourism, commerce and industry. This article covers the Agriculture Sub-Sector.

AGRICULTURE, one of the economic backbones of the municipality, consists of activities such as agricultural crop production and livestock and poultry raising.

Agricultural Crop Production
Rosario is primarily an agricultural town with 12,163.45 hectares or 43.56% of the total land area planted to annual and perennial crops. These include rice, corn, coconut, mango, banana and other fruits and vegetables.

Rice, the major agricultural crop, occupies an area of 4,324.55 hectares, about 35.56% of total agricultural area, of which 1,033.15 hectares or 23.89% are irrigated, 2,675.90 hectares or 61.88% are rain-fed and 615.50 hectares or 14.23% are upland rice area. The remaining agricultural areas are planted to either fruits or vegetables. The following shows the area devoted to agricultural crop production.

Agricultural Area Devoted to Crop Production: 1999
Crops and Area (in hectares)
  • Rice, total - 4,324.55 has.
  • Irrigated rice - 1,033.15 has.
  • Rain-fed rice - 2,675.90 has.
  • Upland rice - 615.50 has.
  • Corn - 336.45 has.
  • Coconut - 1,331.37 has.
  • Mango - 1,262.24 has.
  • Banana - 957.05 has.
  • Other Fruits - 2,166.36 has.
  • Vegetables - 1,785.43 has.
  • Total - 12,163.45 has.
Crops and Percent to Total Agricultural Land Devoted to Crop Production
  • Rice, total - 35.56%
  • Irrigated rice - 8.50%
  • Rain-fed rice - 22.00%
  • Upland rice - 5.06%
  • Corn - 2.77%
  • Coconut - 10.94%
  • Mango - 10.38%
  • Banana - 7.87%
  • Other Fruits - 17.81%
  • Vegetables - 14.67%
  • Total - 100.00%
Crops and Percent to Total Land Area of the Municipality
  • Rice, total - 15.48%
  • Irrigated rice - 3.70%
  • Rain-fed rice - 9.58%
  • Upland rice - 2.20%
  • Corn - 1.20%
  • Coconut - 4.77%
  • Mango - 4.52%
  • Banana - 3.43%
  • Other Fruits - 7.76%
  • Vegetables - 6.40%
  • Total - 43.56%
Source: Office for Agricultural Services, Rosario, Batangas

Crop Productivity
Rice production has an average yield of 4,500 kg/hectare or 90 cavans/hectare on irrigated areas, 2,833 kg/hectare or 56.66 cavans/hectare on rain-fed areas and 1,542 kg/hectare or 30.84 cavans/hectare on upland areas.

Irrigated lands have two cropping seasons while the rain-fed and upland areas harvest only once a year. The total annual rice production is 17,828,275.50 kilograms or 356,565.51 cavans amounting to PHP3,800,988.30 at the average prevailing price of PHP533.00 per cavan or PHP10.66 per kilo at 14 percent moisture content.

Corn production has an average yield of 140 cavans per hectare with 2 cropping per year. Mangoes and other fruits are also produced in considerable quantities in the municipality. The following shows agricultural area and production by crop.

Agricultural Area and Production by Crop, 1999
Crops, Area and Production
  • Rice
  • Irrigated rice - 1,033.15 has., 4,500 kg/ha
  • Rain-fed rice - 2,675.90 has., 2,833 kg/ha
  • Upland rice - 615.50 has., 1,542 kg/ha
  • Corn - 336.45 has., 7,000
  • Coconut - 1,331.37 has., 3,000 kg/ha
  • Mango - 1,262.24 has., 249,984 kg/ha
  • Banana - 957.05 has., 40,816 kg/ha
  • Other Fruits - 2,166.36 has., 458,618 kg/ha
  • Vegetables - 1,785.43 has., 138,220 kg/ha
  • Total - 12,163.45 has.
Source: Office for Agricultural Services, Rosario, Batangas

Livestock and Poultry
Livestock and poultry raising is a common thrust in agricultural municipalities like Rosario. For the year 1999, the Office for Agricultural Services reported a total livestock and poultry population 110,507 heads and 105,000 fowls respectively.

Of the 3,230 heads of carabao, 117 are buffaloes, which are product of the successful artificial insemination undertaken by the OAS in coordination with the Philippine Carabao Center, UP Los Baños, Laguna.

Majority of the households engages in backyard-scale agri-business like swine fattening, swine breeding, cattle production and duck and poultry raising. There are also commercial livestock farms present in Rosario. Products are marketed to the local market, nearby cities of Lipa and Batangas, auction market in Padre Garcia and other nearby provinces.

Livestock and Poultry Population, 1999
Livestock/Poultry and No. of Heads/Fowls
  • Swine - 91,897
  • Cattle - 9,746
  • Carabao - 3,230
  • Goat - 4,718
  • Horse - 916
  • Total Livestock - 110,507
  • Total Poultry - 105,000
Source: Office for Agricultural Services, Rosario, Batangas

Inventory of Livestock and Poultry Farms, 1999
Name of Farm, Location and Area (in hectares)
  • Accre Farm in Alupay - 3.4077 has.
  • Angara Farm in Alupay - 0.0646 has.
  • Canarias Farm in Alupay - 0.6735 has.
  • KJRGR Farm in Alupay - 0.0514 has.
  • Milagros Farm in Bagong Pook - 4.8000 has.
  • Agri-Fortuna Farms in Bayawang - 5.0000 has.
  • Dood's Mac Farm in Baybayin - 4.1016 has.
  • Ada's Farm in Maligaya - 10.2322 has.
  • E.A. Llagas Farm in Natu - 0.5473 has.
  • Luz Farm in Pinagsibaan 30.0000 has.
  • Bonanza Stock Farm in San Carlos - 5.0000 has.
  • AVR Farm in San Ignacio - 0.0336 has.
  • Sto. Rosario Farm in San Ignacio - 0.0876 has.
  • Inandan Farm in San Roque - 0.1190 has.
  • Jose Africa Farm in San Roque - 0.0520 has.
  • PFM Agro-Industrial Dev't. Corporation in Sta. Cruz - 29.0000 has.
  • Cuatro de J's Farm in Tiquiwan - 0.1736 has.
  • Sevillas Piggery Farm in Tiquiwan - 0.4840 has.
  • Total - 93.8281 has.
Source: Office for Agricultural Services, Rosario, Batangas

Agricultural Services and Facilities
The Department of Agriculture, through the Office for Agricultural Services, has been extending Agricultural Services and providing facilities for the continuous development of the agricultural sector of the municipality.

Various programs and projects had been initiated by said agency to assist farmers, landowners, and farm workers in their endeavors. Farming practice and technologies being introduced include the following:
  • use of high yielding varieties of rice and corn
  • use of newly released varieties of rice
  • proper land preparation and management
  • proper application of fertilizers and chemicals
  • integrated pest management (IPM)
  • use of pest-resistant varieties
  • organic matter and rapid composing preparation
  • animal health care and management
  • regular immunization of livestock
  • solid waste management, e.g. bio-gas installation
Supervised credit is being extended by Land Bank of the Philippines - Rosario Branch, Women's Rural Bank, and Sto. Rosario Rural Bank and the Municipal Government of Rosario through the Municipal Cooperative Development Council (MCDC).

Farm to market roads enable farmers to market their products without difficulty. There are 68 rice mills, 3 feed mills, 7 warehouses, 1 slaughterhouse and 128 solar dryers within the municipality of Rosario.

Agricultural facilities and other related services include breeding station/services, extension services and loan and credit facility. Breeding Station and extension services are extended by the Office for Agricultural Services while loan and credit facility is provided by the banks such as Land Bank, Sto. Rosario Rural Bank, Rosario Multi-Purpose Cooperative, the Municipal Government through the Municipal Cooperative Development Council and the Women's bank.

Agricultural Facilities and Other Related Services, 1999
Agricultural Facilities and Other Related Services, Location and Agency
  • Breeding Station/Services in Poblacion B by the Office for Agricultural Services
  • Technical Institution in Poblacion B by the Pablo Borbon Memorial Institute of Technology
  • Extension Services in Poblacion B by the Office for Agricultural Services
  • Loan/Credit Facility in:
  • Market Site by the Land Bank
  • Market Site by the Rosario Multipurpose Coop.
  • Poblacion B by the Sto. Rosario Rural Bank
  • Poblacion B by the Mun. Gov't. of Rosario (Municipal Cooperative Development Council)
  • Poblacion C by the Women's Rural Bank
Source: Office for Agricultural Services, Rosario, Batangas

Modern practices in farming systems are being practiced by the farmers. There are 10 4-wheeled tractors and 379 hand tractors in the municipality. Irrigated areas are being served by 353 irrigation facilities including Shallow Tube Wells (STW). Four barangays namely, San Ignacio, Namuco, Itlugan and Marilag are being served by the National Irrigation Administration (NIA) system. Harvesting becomes easier and faster with the use of 239 units of threshers.

Inventory of Farm Machinery, 1999
Farm Machinery and Number of Units
  • 4-Wheel Tractor - 10
  • Hand Tractor - 379
  • Irrigation Pump (4" diameter) - 232
  • Big irrigation pumps (more than 4" diameter) - 34
  • Shallow Tube Well/OSP (less than 4" diameter) - 87
  • Power Sprayer - 173
  • Transplanter - 1
  • Weeder - 935
  • Thresher - 239
  • Total - 2,090
Source: Office for Agricultural Services, Rosario, Batangas

Other Agricultural Products
Rosario is also noted for its agricultural products like "kalamay" and "panutsa" being sold at the municipal public market, sari-sari stores and other neighboring municipalities. These are also favorite pasalubong for balikbayans and other tourists and guests.

Crop Production and Food Requirements
Crop production in terms of rice and other agricultural crops are generally more than the requirements. Currently, the rice/cereal requirement of the population is 10,416,500 kilograms. With the production of 17,828,275 kilograms, there is a surplus of 7,411,775 kilograms.

In terms of fruits and vegetable production, it can also be considered more than the food requirement.

Using the Food and Nutrition Research Institute standard per capita dietary/food requirement, the projected food requirement for year 2000 – 2010 is shown here:

FNRI Food Requirement Standards
Agricultural Product and Standard Requirement (in kg per year)
  • Cereals and cereal products - 124 kg/yr
  • Sugar and syrups - 70 kg/yr
  • Starchy roots and tubers - 60 kg/yr
  • Vegetables - 39 kg/yr
  • Fruits - 28 kg/yr
  • Dried beans, nuts and seeds - 4 kg/yr
  • Milk and milk products - 16 kg/yr
  • Eggs - 4 kg/yr
  • Fish, meat and poultry - 54 kg/yr
  • Miscellaneous - 7 kg/yr
It can be noted that current production level of rice is still sufficient for the food requirement of the population in terms of rice by the year 2010. A surplus of about 4,783,595 kilograms can be considered. This is assuming a continuous rice production with due to consideration of the utilization of the principle of sustainable development in agricultural activities. Use of environment friendly agricultural inputs and technology will accrue to continuous production levels.

Strategic Agricultural and Fisheries Development Zones (SAFDZ) as per RA 8436
Strategic Agricultural and Fisheries Development Zones (SAFDZ) have been identified in the municipality pursuant to the provisions of the Agricultural and Fisheries Modernization Act (AFMA) or RA 8436.

These zones were approved under the Sangguniang Bayan Resolution No. 129 - 2000 dated October 16, 2000. The different zones are shown in the following:

Description and Area Distribution of SADZ, 1999
SAFDZ Area, Description of SAFDZ Areas and Area (in hectares)
  • 1 - strategic crop sub-development zone with 7,697 has.
  • 4 - strategic crop/livestock sub-development zone has. with 5,734 has.
  • Total SFDZ Areas - 13,431 has.
Within the Strategic Crop Sub-Development Zone of the SAFDZ are barangays Sta. Cruz, Malaya, Marilag, San Ignacio, Colongan, Masaya, Namunga, Namuco, Timbugan, Quilib, San Roque, Bagong Pook, San Carlos, Balibago, Natu, Macalamcam A, Macalamcam B and Salao.

Strategic Crop/Livestock Sub-Development Zone, on the other hand, includes barangays Itlugan, Tiquiwan, San Jose, Mavalor, Maalas-as, Cahigam, Bulihan, Mayuro, Baybayin, Lumbangan, portion of Mabato, Alupay, Pinagsibaan and portion Puting Kahoy.

CARPable Areas Under RA 6657
The Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law (CARL) under RA 6657 provides for the coverage of certain areas in the municipality for distribution to tenants and retention of agricultural activities therein. These are termed as CARPable areas and are under the jurisdiction of the Department of Agrarian Reform. The location of CARPable areas in the municipality by barangay are as follows:

Location of CARPable Areas and Working Scope (in hectares), 1999
  1. Alupay - 84.0422 has.
  2. Balibago - 13.2749 has.
  3. Bayawang - 229.5057 has.
  4. Baybayin - 11.2987 has.
  5. Bulihan - 46.3820 has.
  6. Cahigam - 47.7796 has.
  7. Calantas - 249.6710 has.
  8. Colongan - 56.5954 has.
  9. Itlugan - 42.5379 has.
  10. Leviste - 246.2948 has.
  11. Mabato - 320.0932 has.
  12. Mabunga - 205.4414 has.
  13. Macalamcam A - 31.8144 has.
  14. Macalamcam B - 7.1077 has.
  15. Malaya - 0.7905 has.
  16. Maligaya - 18.9335 has.
  17. Marilag - 7.0779 has.
  18. Masaya - 28.5936 has.
  19. Mavalor - 14.4656 has.
  20. Mayuro - 60.9350 has.
  21. Namunga - 7.1937 has.
  22. Nasi - 146.3091 has.
  23. Natu - 49.0056 has.
  24. Palacpac - 40.0000 has.
  25. Pinagsibaan - 173.1126 has.
  26. Puting Kahoy - 54.1367 has.
  27. Quilib - 21.9091 has.
  28. Salao - 24.3301 has.
  29. San Carlos - 12.9652 has.
  30. Sta. Cruz - 35.7973 has.
  31. San Ignacio - 15.0368 has.
  32. San Isidro - 1,239.6144 has.
  33. San Jose - 14.5479 has.
  34. San Roque - 6.7623 has.
  35. Timbugan - 4.4547 has.
  36. Tiquiwan - 20.4430 has.
TOTAL - 3,588.2535 has.
Source: MARO, Rosario, Batangas

Support Services
Support services for CARP beneficiaries are also being provided. In the Municipality of Rosario, these are concentrated in the two existing Agrarian Reform Communities (ARCs) such as Barangay Pinagsibaan and San Isidro. There are also five barangays newly launched as ARCs in Rosario.

Irrigation Facilities
Among the support services provided are provision of irrigation facilities. This is in coordination with the National Irrigation Administration (NIA).

Livelihood Projects
Other services include livelihood projects for CARP beneficiaries such as hog raising and cattle fattening. This is in coordination with line agencies such as the Department of Agriculture (DA), Philippine Rice Research Institute (PHILRICE), UP Pahinungud and other line agencies for provision of training on crop and livestock production.

Farm-to-Market Roads
Accessing of farm-to-market roads was also among the support services provided from the CARP Fund.

Organization Development
Organization and strengthening of cooperatives in the ARCs through provision of organizational development in coordination with the Provincial Cooperative Development Office (PCDO) were also provided.

Lastly are accessing of loans from the Land Bank of the Philippines (LBP) such as for hog breeding and conduct of Rice Productivity Enhancement Project (RPEP) for selected cooperators.

Maintenance of the current level of production in terms of agricultural crops is the major concern at the start of the planning period. Current farming practice and technologies, agricultural services and facilities are considered effective considering production levels. Socially, agricultural activities have been rewarding among farmers, landowners and farm workers.

Further increase in production of agricultural crops with the end-in-view of processing surplus production as an input to agro-industrialization.

Raising the level of agricultural development into processing and manufacturing of by-products level will make agriculture more economically viable and lucrative.

Targeting for globally competitive agricultural activities will be more responsive to the needs of the growing population within the planning period and beyond.

Continuous research, experimentation, promotion and environmental impact consideration must be prioritized to achieve this aim. Sustainability of agricultural activity must always be achieved.

Conversion of agricultural lands should be scrutinized and carefully done to maintain agricultural production levels. Riceland, specifically irrigated lands should not be converted to other uses. In other words, irrigated and potentially irrigable lands should be spared from conversion.

Potentially irrigable lands of the municipality are abundantly located in rainfed areas wanting to be tapped by local government intervention through increased public investment in irrigation facilities in order to maximize cropping intensity.

Other croplands maybe considered for conversion with due consideration of its production capacity.

Conversion of agricultural lands should conform with the legal requirement for reclassification limit set fort in the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law (CARL) and the Local Government Code of 1991 as well as its implementing guidelines specially Administrative Order 20 and Memorandum Circular 54 or reclassification and conversions.

Rosario is a 2nd Class LGU and thus is entitled to 10 percent of its total agricultural area for reclassification in accordance with the Local Government Code. But such legal provisions should not be exploited as valid justification for indiscriminate conversion of farmlands for greater economic benefits today, without carefully considering its impact on future generations.

Agri-industrialization being espoused here partakes of light to medium industries, which are agri-based. These are industries that process and make use of agricultural products as inputs. These types of industries can locate in agricultural areas.

Marketing and export of these agricultural and agri-industrial products must also be considered. Promotions and trade fairs, agricultural exhibits must be made to ensure markets. Incentives to traders and entrepreneur may also be considered. Thus a holistic approach to agriculture production, processing and marketing must be established within the planning period and beyond.

Being considered under agricultural activity, livestock and poultry production may be enough. However, increase in population not only within but also outside of the municipality will demand additional meat processing. Processing of meat products and by products is also in order.

Livestock and poultry raising must also be modernized and updated so as to meet the requirements for mass production and agro-industrialization.

Agricultural support facilities such as technical and especially financial should be made available to farmers, landowners and farm workers to enhance the proposed agricultural development.

Municipal Land Use Committee and the Office of the Municipal Planning and Development Coordinator (June 2000), Comprehensive Land Use Plan of Rosario, Batangas for Planning Period: 2000-2010, Municipality of Rosario, Batangas, Philippines