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Rosario Batangas Philippines

Sunday, November 13, 2011

Social Sector: Housing

The information contained in this article were based on the Comprehensive Land Use Plan (CLUP) of Rosario, Batangas for the planning period 2000-2010 and were current in 1999 except in places where updates were duly noted.

THIS SOCIO-ECONOMIC PROFILE reports about three major sectors including the Social Sector, the Economic Sector and Infrastructure and Utilities Sector. The Social Sector consists of six sub-sectors: housing, health, education, protective services, social welfare services and sports and recreation. This article covers the Housing Sub-Sector.

EXISTING SITUATION
Total Population, Total Households, Average Household and Family Size
In 1999, the total population of Rosario was placed at 82,115, its total number of households at 15,636, and its average household size pegged at 5.25 persons per household.

Housing Units, Occupied and Vacant
Based on the 1990 NSO Report the Municipality of Rosario has a total of 12,491 housing units. Of these 97.82% were occupied while 2.18% are vacant. Currently, the housing units in the municipality are 15,602. Of this number, 15,290 or 98% are occupied and 312 or 2% are vacant.

Occupied Housing Units, Households, Household Population by Type of Building
Single house type of building is the most common, constituting about 99% of the total occupied housing units. Other types of building include duplex, multi-unit residential, commercial, industrial, agricultural, institutional living quarters and other housing units. There are a total of 1,498 or 9.79% of the total housing units in the urban area ang 13,792 or 90.21% in the rural barangays.

Occupied Housing Units by Construction Materials of the Outer Walls and Roof
Occupied housing units made of strong and concrete material total 7,191 or 47% of the total. These are units whose construction materials of the outer walls and roof are made of concrete, brick/stone, wood, half concrete/brick/stone and half-wood galvanized iron/aluminum.

Occupied housing units made of mixed and light materials on the other hand, total 8,099 or 53% of the total. These are made of bamboo/sawali/cogon/nipa, makeshift salvage/improvised, asbestos/glass/others or even with no walls. These also include those mixed materials e.g. walls made of strong materials while roofs are made of light materials or vice-versa.

Households by Type of Building and Tenure Status of the Housing Unit
Of the total households of 15,636, about 88% or 13,736 households own or amortize their occupied housing units. Those who rent the housing units they occupy constitute 3% or 434. There are still 4 households in housing units being occupied for free without consent of owners. Households in housing units occupied for free with or without consent of owners have tenurial problems.

Owner-Households in Occupied Housing Units by Tenure Status of Lot
In terms of tenure status of lots being occupied by housing units, there are 7,639 or about 48% households who own or amortized their lots; 307 or about 2% pay rent.

Households in housing lots being occupied for free with consent of owner total 7,661 or about 49%. The remaining households whose housing units are in lots being occupied for free without consent of owner are 29 or less than 1% of the total.

Households whose housing units are in lots being occupied for free with or without consent of owner have tenurial problems. These total to 7,890 or about 50% of the total households.

Number of Households in Occupied Housing Units by Type of Toilet Facilities
In terms of existing infrastructure and utilities available to households in occupied housing units such as toilet facilities, sources of drinking water and kind of fuel used for lighting, a bigger percentage of the households avail of the more modern facilities.

Water-sealed type toilet facilities either sewer/septic/other depository used exclusively or shared with other households are used by 6,905 households or 44% of the total.

Number of Households by Main Source of Drinking Water as Classified by the NSO
Community water system and tubed/piped deepwells either own use or shared among households are used by 13,259 households or 85% of the total.

Number of Households by Kind of Fuel Used for Lighting
Electricity is the kind of fuel used for lighting by 9,731 households or 62% of the households. The remaining households use one or more of the following fuel for lighting:


  • Kerosene (Gaas) - 5,768

  • Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) - 75

  • Oil - 11

  • Others - 51
Source of basic data: National Statistics Office

Existing Subdivision
There are a total of 14 subdivisions in the municipality. These occupy about 85.275 hectares with total number of 2,561 lots. These are both economic and open market housing projects. The average lot size is 240 square meters.

The following shows the listing of said subdivisions:


  • DYNA Surveying & Engineering Development Corporation in Alupay 67,000 sqm.

  • Marcola DM Noble Subdivision in Namuco - 124,000 sqm.

  • Market View Subdivision in Namuco - 54,825 sqm.

  • Villaluz & Rodelas Subdivision in Namuco - 132,859 sqm.

  • Villa Maria Concepcion Subdivsion in Namuco - 29,137 sqm.

  • Villa Sto. Rosario Subdivision in Namunga - 120,259 sqm.

  • Juan Noble Subdivision in Namunga - 8,172 sqm.

  • Gerason Ville Subdivision in Namunga - 26,324 sqm.

  • Villa Felisa Subdivision in Poblacion A

  • St. Paul Subdivision in Poblacion C - 18,000 sqm.

  • Villa San Roque Subdivision in Quilib - 50,324 sqm.

  • Villa Adela Subdivision in San Jose 27,725 sqm.

  • Hillside Ville Subdivision in San Roque - 73,000 sqm.

  • Rosario Complex Subdivision in San Roque - 61,125 sqm.
DEVELOPMENT NEEDS
The standard of one dwelling unit or housing unit for each household in an average lot is the ideal housing situation.

Added to this are tenurial status for ownership of their own house and lot for every household and for availability of infrastructure and utilities for use by the households.

Maintenance of the environmental sanitation, provision of water and power accessibility and peace and order are requirements for housing and habitation.

Present and Future Housing Needs
With the present total number of households of 15,636 and the total occupied housing units of only 15,290 there are about 346 doubled up households. These are households living with another households for an occupied housing unit.

The 5% loss of housing unit made of mixed and light materials total to 405 units. The doubled up households and the units lost due to obsolescence and decay contribute to the current housing backlog. Thus, the total current backlog is 751 units. Tenurial status, though, is not so much a problem considering that 88% owned the housing unit they currently occupy.

For future needs in terms of housing demands, increase in number of households or additional households, doubled up households and 5 percent loss of housing units made of light materials due to obsolescence and decay will be considered.

With this consideration, the projected housing demand by year 2010 is 1,462 housing units. These consist of additional household (451), doubled up households (492) and 5 percent loss due to obsolescence and decay (519).

Infrastructure Need for Housing
In terms of facilities, though a good percentage avails of the more modern type, still others use primitive toilet facilities, sources of water and fuel for lighting. However, with the infrastructure and utilities as well as sectors taking care of this, accessibility and availability of said services will be provided for.


Reference
Municipal Land Use Committee and the Office of the Municipal Planning and Development Coordinator (June 2000), Comprehensive Land Use Plan of Rosario, Batangas for Planning Period: 2000-2010, Municipality of Rosario, Batangas, Philippines

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